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, Caesarian (US), Cesarean, Cesarian
1. of or relating to any of the Caesars, esp Julius Caesar (100--44 bc), Roman general, statesman, and historian
2. Surgery
a. short for Caesarean section
b. (as modifier): Caesarean birth



an operation for artificial delivery of a fetus in which the fetus and placenta are removed through an incision in the anterior abdominal wall and the body of the uterus.

A cesarean is performed on a live fetus when the woman is unable without assistance to bear the child alive (when the pelvis is narrow or deformed or in the presence of severe cicatricial changes of the vagina or placenta praevia). When there is excessive or acute hemorrhage, a cesarean is performed even on a dead or nonviable fetus in order to save the mother. The term “cesarean” formerly was incorrectly associated with the legend of the birth of the Roman dictator Gaius Julius Caesar by means of a similar operation.

References in periodicals archive ?
Characteristics of newborns of thrombocytopenic pregnant women Characteristics GT PE HELLP ITP Totals Thrombocytopenia 1 0 0 1 2 of 51 Twins 2 0 1 0 3 of 61 IUDs 2 2 2 * 0 6 of 61 Pre-term 1 2 2 0 5 of 61 Cesarian deliveries 17 5 2 1 25 of 61 Viable newborns 45 9 1 2 57 of 64 Dead newborns 2 2 3 ** 0 7 of 64 * 1 was twin ** 1 was premature twin GT: Gestational thrombocytopenia; PE: Preeclampsia; HELLP: Hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, low platelet count; ITP: Immune thrombocytopenic purpura; IUD: Intrauterine death.
And those male foetuses which make it to term are more likely to suffer from excessive growth in the uterus, making delivery more difficult and leading to more cesarian section deliveries," said Glezerman.
She has named the babies, who will be born by Cesarian section, Faith and Hope.
But after doctors explained there were also a number of risks associated with having another cesarian, she decided that she wanted to go into labour naturally.
Little Noah, at 2lbs 6oz and Colm at 2lbs 13oz (named in honour of the patron saint of Derry) were born after Cara underwent an emergency Cesarian operation on November 17.
Green has found that physicians are more aggressive in treating pain following prostatectomy than pain following cesarian delivery.
After Shirley went into labor, Bud was almost lost: His heart rate plummeted below the range of the fetal heart monitor, and an emergency cesarian section was performed.
In the experiments, some young pigs were born naturally while others came into the world via cesarian section.
An eclampsia patient, in profound coma, was delivered by vaginal Cesarian section and convulsions subsided, but death came some four hours after delivery, from pulmonary edema and acute inspiration pneumonia.