# cgs system

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Related to cgs system: fps system

## cgs system,

system of units of measurement based on the metric systemmetric system,
system of weights and measures planned in France and adopted there in 1799; it has since been adopted by most of the technologically developed countries of the world.
and having the centimetercentimeter
, abbr. cm, unit of length equal to 0.01 meter, the basic unit of length in the metric system. The centimeter is the unit of length in the cgs system. It is approximately equal to 0.39 inch, or 1 inch equals about 2.54 centimeters. See weights and measures.
of length, the gramgram,
abbr. g, unit of mass equal to 0.001 kilogram, the basic unit of mass in the metric system. The gram is the unit of mass in the cgs system. It is approximately equal to 0.035 avoirdupois ounce, or 0.0022 pound; a 1-pound mass equals about 453.6 grams.
of mass, and the secondsecond,
abbr. sec or s, fundamental unit of time in all systems of measurement. In practical terms, the second is 1/60 of a minute, 1/3,600 of an hour, or 1/86,400 of a day. Since the length of the day varies, however, the second must be defined in more precise terms.
of time as its fundamental units. Other cgs units are the dynedyne
, unit of force in the cgs system of units, which is based on the metric system; an acceleration of 1 centimeter per second per second is produced when a force of 1 dyne is exerted on a mass of 1 gram.
of force and the ergerg
, unit of work or energy in the cgs system of units, which is based on the metric system; it is the work done or energy expended by a force of 1 dyne acting through a distance of 1 centimeter.
of work or energy. The units of the cgs system are generally much smaller than the comparable units of the mks systemmks system,
system of units of measurement based on the metric system and having the meter of length, the kilogram of mass, and the second of time as its fundamental units. Other mks units include the newton of force, the joule of work or energy, and the watt of power.
.

## cgs system

[¦sē¦gē¦es ′sis·təm]
(physics)
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

## CGS system

(Centimeter-Gram-Second system) A metric system of measurement that uses the centimeter, gram and second for length, mass and time. The units of force and work are the "dyne" and "erg." Contrast with MKS system.
Copyright © 1981-2019 by The Computer Language Company Inc. All Rights reserved. THIS DEFINITION IS FOR PERSONAL USE ONLY. All other reproduction is strictly prohibited without permission from the publisher.
References in periodicals archive ?
Here is a determination of the quantity 1 sec in the CGS system of units.
The upgraded CGS systems also possess embedded training features, which enable the units to receive simulation or participate in remote exercises.
The Marine Corps will upgrade three of its CGS systems with priority fielding to OIF unit(s).

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