chaconne

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chaconne

1. a musical form consisting of a set of continuous variations upon a ground bass
2. Archaic a dance in slow triple time probably originating in Spain

Chaconne

 

an old dance. The chaconne originated in the late 16th century and acquired its characteristic stately, majestic quality in the 17th century. It is danced in a slow tempo, in ¾ time. J. B. Lully used chaconnes as concluding pieces in his ballets.

In the 17th and 18th centuries the chaconne developed as an instrumental piece with a theme repeated in the bass, in a manner similar to the passacaglia. A chaconne for violin with bass attributed to T. Vitali and the chaconne from J. S. Bach’s Partita in D Minor for Unaccompanied Violin became especially popular. Many pieces have been composed in the chaconne form, including Beethoven’s 32 Variations on an Original Theme in C Minor for Piano. Composers of the 17th and 18th centuries used the chaconne form in opera finales.

References in periodicals archive ?
This surface burlesque, however, cloaks Morris's great musical sensitivity and parodic flair, in which musical jokes of endless chaconnes and animalistic squawks of sound are sweetly echoed in a great swamp processional of amphibians with heads darting, cheeks puffing silently in and out, and bodies undulating as they sip from the water bowl of life.
While purists might object to playing Bach on the piano and not the harpsichord, others will rejoice in the incredible variety of Bach's works presented here: concertos, fantasias, capriccios, duets, inventions, sinfonias, toccatas, preludes, fugues, chaconnes, chorales and a Siciliano.
For instance, the three grounds by Purcell and the two chaconnes (cousin to the grounds) by Fischer and Pachelbel are good baroque examples.
Chaconnes and passacailles were not always in triple time (p.