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see finchfinch,
common name for members of the Fringillidae, the largest family of birds (including over half the known species), found in most parts of the world except Australia.
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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Fringilla coelebs), a songbird of the family Fringillidae. It is about the size of a sparrow (approximately 17 cm long). The male’s plumage is brightly colored (especially in spring): the head is blue-gray, the back is brownish and green, the crop and breast are brownish red, and the wings have large white spots. The coloration of the female is more subdued. The chaffinches common in Europe, Southwest Asia, and North Africa; it is moving toward the east. The chaffinch is one of the most numerous birds in the USSR. It lives in forests and parks of all types, often right near human dwellings. It builds its nest in trees, camouflaging it with moss and lichens. Sometimes it nests twice in a summer. A clutch contains three to six light-blue speckled eggs. The chaffinch feeds on seeds and the green parts of plants, and in the summer it also eats insects and other invertebrates, which it also feeds to its nestlings. The chaffinch has a resonant song and is often kept as a cage bird.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


a common European finch, Fringilla coelebs, with black and white wings and, in the male, a reddish body and blue-grey head
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
The male chaffinch is particularly smart with his blue-grey head, pinkish-brown breast and cheeks and chestnut back.
Northumberland: house sparrow; blackbird; starling; jackdaw; carrion crow; black-headed gull; blue tit; woodpigeon; robin; chaffinch.
Chaffinch and goldfinches were also down in the survey.
The top 10 for the North East was: House sparrow; starling; blackbird; blue tit; woodpigeon; chaffinch; great tit; robin; collared dove; goldfinch.
Chaffinch most recently worked as an independent consultant in the outdoor industry, where he specialized in business development.
During a recent visit to Lincolnshire I was pleased to see the local chaffinches seemed to be doing well.
In conclusion, the patterns of cultural differentiation among chaffinch populations within regions can be explained by high mutation rates of memes and moderate to low levels of migration.
However, if greenfinch numbers have plummeted, the one finch that appears to be comfortably holding its own is the chaffinch, for the ground below the bird-table is usually seething with them.
So, somewhere flying around Redcar and Cleveland is a chaffinch who thinks it's a blue tit.
Branching out This cheery chaffinch is picture perfect
"Birds such as the chaffinch might consume large numbers of weed seeds which helps farmers, but they aren't rare and compared to other species they barely feature in poetry.