Beginning with the pioneering exposes of Frank Tannenbaum, Robert Burns and John Spivak, Georgia's convict chain gang
has, like its predecessor the convict lease system, been condemned as a harsh, barbaric and brutal form of oppression, with little thought given to rehabilitation.
have ignited controversy in Alabama and have captured national attention.
The first inmate to wear the-belt on the Wisconsin chain gang
was seventeen-year-old Clark Krueger.
are a reality in at least seven states, and they are imminent in several more.
Additionally, chain gangs
are a useful prison management tool.
Because the nation's prison population is growing rapidly, the chain gangs
represent only the most recent, if still highly controversial, answer to holding down costs.
VISION: An artist's impression of the planned Olympic stadium in London and, right, how a chain gang
labourer might look in Community Payback uniform
Until Wisconsin came up with the idea of stun-belting the chain gangs
, most wearers of the belt were people charged with violent offenses, people whom police and correctional officers, or court officials, considered security risks.
make a great photo opportunity for vote-conscious politicians.
Of course the real benefit is that seeing the chain gangs
out and about and in the pink, might give our own wee tearaways a graphic illustration of what awaits them unless they shape up.
His chain gangs
work six days a week contributing thousands of dollars of free labour to the community.
Most of the time the chain gangs
work in the centre of Phoenix, to set an example.