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Any perennial plant whose winter buds are within 10 inches (25 centimeters) of the soil surface.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a life form of plants whose renewal buds are found a short distance (20–30 cm) above the ground and are usually protected in winter by the snow cover. Chamaephytes include shrublets (whortleberry, heath), subshrublets (thyme, many species of wormwood), certain perennial herbs (Lamium), and mosses. Chamaephytes prevail in tundras, high mountains, deserts, and certain Mediterranean types of vegetation. The term “chamaephyte” was proposed by the Danish botanist K. Raunkiaer.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Phanerophytes were the most abundant species and individuals ones, with 2 364 individuals, followed by hemicryptophytes (1 443 individuals), therophytes (265 individuals), geophytes (213 individuals) and chamaephytes (161 individuals).
of Percentage Leaf size species classes Therophytes 31 39.74 Microphyll Megaphanerophytes 17 21.79 Mesophyll Nanophanerophytes 11 14.10 Nanophyll Cryptophytes 12 15.38 Macrophyll Hemicryptophytes 05 6.41 Leptophyll Chamaephytes 02 2.56 Megaphyll Aphyllous Life-form classes No.
The association is mostly composed of hemicryptophyte and chamaephytes. Distribution: It spreads north and northeast of Golludag between 1700 and 2100 m.
As illustrated in Figure 1, the floral community in Tabuk region was dominated by therophytes and chamaephytes. However, the phanerophytes constituted the lowest contribution.
Chi-Square tests indicated significant differences in the percentages of chamaephytes, therophytes and phanerophytes species between the caatinga and the cerrado, and between the caatinga and the cerrado-caatinga transition areas.
Hemicryptophytes life form, of temperate regions, Therophytes index arid areas and mountainous areas is Chamaephytes index.
In the investigated area cold conditions, low temperature, wind and biotic factors result in un-favorable conditions paving way for chamaephytes. Saxina et al.
Life form analysis of these two sites indicated the presence of therophytes (Th), chamaephytes (Ch), hemicryptophytes (H), geophytes (G) and phenerophytes (Ph).
The most frequent biological types in deserts and subdeserts (therophytes, many geophytes, hemicryptophytes, and some chamaephytes) are species with passive strategies; only chamaephytes and phanerophytes have to adopt active strategies to deal with the arid climate.
The life form spectra showed that therophyte was dominant group with 24 (66.67%) species followed by hemicryptophytes having 8 (22.22%) species, chamaephytes 3 (8.33%) species and geophytes with one (2.78%) species only (Fig.