chamber of commerce


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Related to chamber of commerce: International Chamber of Commerce

chamber of commerce,

local association of business people organized to promote the welfare of their community, especially its commercial interests. Each chamber of commerce usually has an elected board of directors, and its work is done through committees. Among the activities frequently carried on by these committees are industrial surveys and efforts to attract new industries to the city, the provision of information and advice to government on topics ranging from labor disputes to taxes, and the promotion of tourism in cities.

The chambre de commerce of Marseilles (1599) was the first organization to use the name; the idea spread through France in the 17th and 18th cent. The first to be formed in Great Britain was on the island of Jersey (1768). In America the first was the Chamber of Commerce of the State of New York, organized in 1768. By 1870 there were 40 throughout the United States.

The local chambers are federated in the United States Chamber of Commerce (founded 1912), which maintains at its Washington, D.C., headquarters a technical staff and lobbies in the interests of its member organizations. Its membership includes 3 million companies, 3,000 state and local chapters, and 830 business associations; American chambers are located in 82 foreign countries, and those of other countries have offices in the United States. The International Chamber of Commerce (founded 1920) promotes open international trade and investment. Its headquarters are in Paris.

See also trade associationtrade association,
group of business people in the same trade or industry organized for the advancement of common interests. The trade association differs from the chamber of commerce in that membership is by industry rather than by locality.
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Chamber of Commerce

 

a public organization that facilitates the development of economic and particularly foreign-trade relations among various countries. In each country, a statute defines the legal status of the chamber of commerce and regulates its administrative bodies and executive functions.

In addition to the national chambers of commerce, there are also joint chambers for the mutual business relations of two countries—for example, the Czechoslovak-Soviet, Italo-Soviet, Russo-British, Finno-Soviet, and Franco-Soviet chambers of commerce.

In the socialist countries, chambers of commerce organize national trade fairs and participate in international ones; they issue certificates of origin for commodities, inspect the quality of commodities, and provide for the arbitration of disputes arising from foreign trade transactions.

In the capitalist countries, the chamber of commerce joins together a given country’s trade and industrial circles. Its functions include compiling information about conditions and trends in trade and industry and about potential markets, as well as keeping members informed on the economic situation. With regard to legal status, the chambers of commerce in the capitalist countries may be private associations based on voluntary membership (the “private-sector” type) or organizations that are governmental in nature (the “public-sector” type). Monopolistic associations make wide use of chambers of commerce in their own interest.

The International Chamber of Commerce (ICC), founded in 1920, is an international nongovernmental association of business circles and individual firms from 88 countries (as of 1975). Its principal goals are the improvement of trade conditions between various countries and the solution of international economic problems. The ICC has its headquarters in Paris. Representatives of the chambers of commerce of the USSR, the People’s Republic of Bulgaria, the Hungarian People’s Republic, the Polish People’s Republic, the Socialist Republic of Rumania, the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, and the German Democratic Republic attend ICC congresses as observers; they also participate in the work of a special committee on relations between the ICC and the chambers of commerce of the socialist countries.

References in periodicals archive ?
Sherman Oaks Chamber of Commerce, 14827 Ventura Blvd.
When Johnson began making plans for a black chamber of commerce in Columbus, he formed an alliance with an existing organization called The Center for Urban and Rural Redevelopment.
The 2006 Music City Future 50 Awards are presented by the Nashville Area Chamber of Commerce, and sponsored by Bank of America, KraftCPAs, The Tennessean, Frost Brown Todd, IBM and Mailer's Choice Inc.
The Miami-Dade Chamber of Commerce was founded in 1974 by a group of Black businessmen out of a need for a strong organization that could objectively advocate the needs of a growing Black business community.
Kathleen Sterling, who has volunteered for the Woodland Hills Chamber of Commerce, Valley Women's Center and Valley Interfaith Council and served on the boards of the Valley Cultural Center and Pacific Lodge Boys Home.
The Peruvian American Chamber of Commerce invokes all civic movements, civil associations, political leaders and authorities in general, to take on this aspiration and cause as their own, so their voices can be heard in support of the agreement, which will give Peru a better future and an opportunity for future generations, better education and new opportunities for development within their country toward becoming an example to be followed by neighbor countries so they do not opt for authoritarian governmental options, that in the end lead to nothing else other than a restriction of freedom of their citizens and the generation of more violence, which is precisely what we no longer want to see.
We'll be a one-stop, full-service resource here for the community,'' said Isaac Barcelona, Palmdale Chamber of Commerce chief executive officer.
The California Hispanic Chamber of Commerce is the fastest growing regional business organization in California.
The Florida Chamber of Commerce today announced it will make a free emergency email protection service available to all Florida businesses during the 2006 Hurricane Season.
PALMDALE - The city will provide $20,000 to the Antelope Valley Hispanic Chamber of Commerce, but council members decided against providing the organization Civic Center office space remodeled for it at public expense.
LANCASTER - Antelope Valley Chambers of Commerce are planning a 2002 celebration to mark the 100th anniversary of the Lancaster Chamber of Commerce.

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