Agreement

(redirected from chance agreement)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal.

Agreement

 

(also called concord). (1) The correspondence between the grammatical form of a noun (or the noun’s membership in a specific syntactic class) and the grammatical form of a word, generally an adjective or verb, connected with the noun in a sentence. Agreement in a grammatical category means that a change in a noun’s grammatical sense causes (although only in some cases) a change in the words connected with the noun. In Russian, agreement exists according to case (seryi volk, “gray wolf”-serogo volka, “of the gray wolf”), number (seryi volk-serye volki, “gray wolves”; volk voet, “the wolf howls”-vo/A:¡ voiut, “the wolves howl”), and gender (seryi volk-seraia sobaka, “gray dog” [feminine]; volk vyl, “the wolf hovf\ed”-sobaka vyla, “the dog howled”).

Grammatical descriptions of languages generally represent agreement as a correspondence between the grammatical meanings (or between such elements as case, number, and gender) of a noun and of the words connected with the noun. However, agreement may be defined in other ways. For example, in standard Estonian grammar, when a noun is in the comitative case the modifying adjective must be in the genitive case.

Agreement is a means of expressing a syntactic bond, which may be direct (seryi volk) or indirect (dom, v kotorom my zhivem, “the house in which we live”; sestra ushla, skazavshis’ bol’noi, “sister left, saying she was ill”). Agreement is well developed in inflected languages and, to a lesser extent, in agglutinative languages. It is absent in amorphous languages.

(2) A direct syntactic bond between the words in a phrase, expressed by means of agreement in the first meaning of the term, generally in combination with work order and intonation. An example is the bond within the word group seryi volk.

A. A. ZALIZNIAK

agreement

1. A meeting of minds.
2. A legally enforceable promise or promises between two or among several persons.
3. On a construction project, the document stating the essential terms of the construction contract which incorporates by reference the other contract documents.
4. The document setting forth the terms of the contract between the architect and owner or between the architect and a consultant.
5. An arrangement indicating the intent of a contract but not necessarily fulfilling all the enforceable provisions of it. Also see agreement form, contract.
References in periodicals archive ?
As in the binary example, we first compute the agreement by chance, (the sum of the products of the k marginal probabilities, [summation] [p.sub.i+] * [p.sub.+i], for i=1, ..., k), and subtract this chance agreement from the total observed agreement (the sum of the diagonal probabilities, [summation] [p.sub.ii] for i=1, ..., k) before estimating the normalized agreement beyond chance:
Using [P.sub.e] as the correction factor for chance agreement, the [kappa] statistic is defined as follows:
They had an actual diagnostic agreement with DSM-IV diagnoses by the psychiatrists of 75.8%; this was better than the observed chance agreement (70.7%).
SALSA score 2nd interview SALSA score 1st interview 0 1 2 3 4 Total 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 33 0 0 1 34 2 0 0 11 0 0 11 3 0 3 1 6 2 12 4 0 2 1 0 15 18 Total 0 38 13 6 18 75 Observed agreement 86% Chance agreement 32-5% Kappa 0-8023 Standard error 0-0582 95% Confidence interval 0-6883-0-9164 Reliability of the SALSA Scale 199 Table 2.
Foster and Cone (1986) pointed out that chance agreement changes as the base rate or prevalence of behavior changes.
The substantial level of beyond chance agreement was found for any stay in hospital (k = 0.771, 95 percent Confidence interval [CI]: 0.718 to 0.824) and any contact with PT or chiropractor (k = 0.685, 95 percent CI: 0.622 to 0.748).
Although most contacts with the EAPs are self-referrals, an employee with a serious workplace problem, such as alcohol or drug abuse, might be asked to sign a "last chance agreement" to remain employed.
We then test these hypotheses drawing from one unionized firm's fifteen-year experience with last chance agreement reinstatements.
Through the mechanism of a last chance agreement, grievance arbitrators have attempted to balance the competing interests of the employer in operating a safe and efficient workplace, against the employee's right to receive treatment.
A kappa-like statistic (Foody 1992) was calculated to exclude the possibility of chance agreement in overall accuracy (overall accuracy - 1/n / 1-1/n where n = number of signatures of interest).