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in mathematics: see probabilityprobability,
in mathematics, assignment of a number as a measure of the "chance" that a given event will occur. There are certain important restrictions on such a probability measure.
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  1. the PROBABILITYof an event, such as the occurrence of heads or tails on the toss of a coin.
  2. social or physical outcomes which are unforseen and perhaps inherently unpredictable.
Chance arises from the existence of physical or social processes which involve random events, a multiplicity of interacting variables in ‘open systems’ (including the changeability of actors' choices), and because actors’ intentions often have UNANTICIPATED CONSEQUENCES. While an inherent CONTINGENCY in social events is seen by some theorists as ruling out general theories, this neglects the availability of generalized ‘probabilistic’ accounts and the fact that it is the goal of general theories to abstract from particular events (and provide EXPLANATION or analytical frameworks), not necessarily to predict or control events.

Coping with chance in social life is a source of MAGIC and RELIGION and the basis of important leisure forms, including games of chance and GAMBLING. See also RISK SOCIETY.


See also Fate.
Charity (See GENEROSITY.)
Bridoison, Taiel de
judge who casts dice to decide cases. [Fr. Lit.: Pantagruel]
Fata Morgana
lake-dwelling sorceress and personification of chance. [Ital. Lit.: Orlando Innamorato]
goddess of chance. [Rom. Myth.: Kravitz, 58]
Jimmy the Greek
renowned American oddsmaker. [Am. Culture: Wallechinsky, 468]
Russian roulette
suicidal gamble involving a six-shooter, loaded with one bullet. [Folklore: Payton, 590]
god of chance. [Rom. Myth.: Espy, 42–43]
Three Princes of Serendip
always make discoveries by accident. [Br. Lit.: Three Princes of Serendip]
Urim and Thummin
oracular gems used for casting lots, set in Aaron’s breastplate. [O.T.: Exodus 28:30; Leviticus 8:8]
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It is this invisibility that Myriam Chancy addresses in her work From Sugar to Revolution.
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Other notable large-scale commissions include: Beatrice Chancy (1999, composer James Rolfe/librettist George Elliott Clarke), The Midnight Court (2005, Sokolovic/Paul Bentley), Ines (2009, Rolfe/Bendey), Love Songs (2009, Sokolovic) and Beauty Dissolves in a Brief Hour (2010, with poetry set by Fuhong Shi, John Rea and Pierre Klanac) and Beckett: Feck It
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SI I thought back to Hugh McIlvanney's words: "Mentioning nobility in connection with boxing is chancy but exposure to men like Joe Frazier encourages such boldness.
Warne used seven bowlers but could not separate Kallis and Gambhir, who was particularly aggressive during his chancy unbeaten knock that included 11 fours and a six.
The chancy Chancellor has refused to accept that his toxic combination of deep cuts and no investment is a recipe for negative growth.
In most cases the chancy vandalism involved in purloining active copper cable can also present an unacceptable risk to the general public.