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see quarryingquarrying,
open, or surface, excavation of rock used for various purposes, including construction, ornamentation, road building, and as an industrial raw material. Rock that has been quarried is commonly called stone.
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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.


A decorative groove in carpentry or masonry: a series of grooves in an architectural member, such as the flutes in a column.
Illustrated Dictionary of Architecture Copyright © 2012, 2002, 1998 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved


(religion, spiritualism, and occult)

At certain Wiccan rituals, the priest or priestess may channel the god or goddess. In doing so, the priest is acting as a conduit for the deity to speak to the coven. At the ceremonies of Drawing Down the Moon and Drawing Down the Sun, the deities are invoked and asked to descend into the body of the presiding priest or priestess. The deity speaks through the priest, although the priest may not be aware of what is said.

In Aradia, in what is known as The Charge of the Goddess, Aradia says, ". . . once in the month, and when the moon is full, ye shall assemble in some desert place, or in a forest all together join to adore the potent spirit of your queen, my mother, great Diana. . . ." It is at that time and place that the goddess is then able to speak to her worshipers.

The deities may well decide to speak at times other than those prescribed, so channeling can take place at any time, but it is most likely to be done within the ritual circle.

The Witch Book: The Encyclopedia of Witchcraft, Wicca, and Neo-paganism © 2002 Visible Ink Press®. All rights reserved.


(religion, spiritualism, and occult)

Although mediums are channeling information, they are not “channels” in the nomenclature of the New Age. Similarly, channels are not mediums. The differences are subtle but important.

Mediums are part of the world of Spiritualism. They are the intermediaries between the world of the living and the “other” world beyond death. They bridge the gap between those who are still alive and their deceased relatives and loved ones who have “crossed over.” Usually, though not always, there is a direct relationship between the two personalities connected through the agencies of the medium. The medium may or may not go into trance. He or she may use clairvoyance, clairaudience, clairsentience, direct voice, or any one of a number of different ways to bring through the messages from the other side. The messages can, and usually do, come from a wide range of spirits of many different people who have lived before. The living receivers are often able to ask questions of the deceased and receive answers, advice, and confirmation of a continued existence.

Channels bring information from “entities” that may or may not have ever lived on this earth and are generally not related in any way to the receivers of the information. Each channel usually produces information from only one particular source, frequently delivered as a lecture. Some of these sources claim to originate from places such as ancient Atlantis, other planets, other worlds, or other universes. Information comes through the vocal cords of the channel, who is usually in trance and completely unaware of what is going on. The channel is the direct voice conduit for the entity who preaches to the audience. A medium usually works with a small, intimate group while a channel may speak in a large auditorium.

There are extant examples of some of the paraphernalia used by ancient Egyptian priests when claiming to channel messages from the Egyptian gods, for example, the mask worn when representing Anubis, the jackal-headed god. In the Mayan temples the priests played the part of gods, giving and relaying instructions, messages and advice to the people. In Vodoun, a possessed worshipper channels the deity, known as a loa. In modern Panchmuda, northwest of Calcutta, India, at the Temple of Manasa during the Snake Festival, the Serpent Mother takes possession of a worshipper, much as in Vodoun, and speaks through him or her.

Writers, musicians and artists have long composed through a process of channeling. Wolfgang Mozart heard music in his head and simply wrote down what he heard, verbatim. Many visual artists claim they work the same way, simply putting onto canvas what is processed through them.

“Seth” was an entity channeled by Jane Roberts (1929–1984). Seth defined itself as “an energy personality essence no longer focused in physical reality.” It claimed various lifetimes on earth, stating that such lifetimes are actually occurring simultaneously; past, present, and future being all in existence at the same time. Judy “Zebra” Knight, another channeler, claimed to be the instrument for a character she called “Ramtha.” He was supposed to have lived 35,000 years ago on the now lost continent of Lemuria. However, his speech patterns and mannerisms were remarkably like those of Judy Knight herself. Jessica Lansing channeled “Michael,” who said he was “of the mid-causal plane” and made up of a thousand fragments of an entity like himself. Jach Pursel‘s “Lazaris” says that he has never been in human form; he is a “group form” living in another dimension. Elizabeth Clare Prophet channeled what she described as “ascended masters” no longer living on the physical plane. Darryl Anka‘s “Bashar” says he is from the planet Essassani, 500 light years away. Interestingly, regardless of the sex of the channel, the entity that comes through always seems to be masculine.

Many of the channels bring “doom and gloom” prophesies, some claiming that the world will end in a certain period of time. Some, such as “Ramtha,” appear extremely egotistical and strangely materialistic. Some have urged their followers to give away all their worldly goods or to sell them and donate the proceeds to the organization supporting the channel.

Although there are the charlatans and suspects among the channelers, most of the lectures that come through are positive, leading to a better standard of life. The listener should be prepared to decide for him-or herself what is right, rather than being told what to do.

In the same way, there are many mediums who are charlatans and also those who are selfdeceived. From the very beginning of Spiritualism in the middle of the nineteenth century, there have been frauds who found it easy to prey on those who were bereaved. But—again as with channelers—just because there are fakes does not mean that all are fakes. There have been, and still are, excellent mediums who are above reproach. John Edward is probably the prime example today, doing a regular television program where he contacts the dead relatives of members of his studio audience.


Bentine, Michael: The Door Marked Summer. London: Granada, 1981
Bentine, Michael: Doors of the Mind. London: Granada, 1984
Buckland, Raymond: Buckland’s Book of Spirit Communications. St. Paul: Llewellyn, 2004
Cook, Mrs. Cecil: How I Discovered My Mediumship. Chicago: Lormar, 1919
Guiley, Rosemary Ellen: Harper’s Encyclopedia of Mystical & Paranormal Experience. San Francisco: Harper SanFrancisco, 1991
Klimo, Jon: Channeling: Investigations on Receiving Information from Paranormal Sources. Los Angeles: Jeremy P. Tarcher, 1987
Roberts, Jane: The Seth Material. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1970
Roberts, Jane: Seth Speaks. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1972
The Spirit Book © 2006 Visible Ink Press®. All rights reserved.


(analytical chemistry)
In chromatography, furrows or breaks in an ion-exchange bed which permit a solution to run through without having contact with active groups elsewhere in the bed.
A type of multiplex transmission in which the separation between communication channels is accomplished through the use of carriers or subcarriers.
The transmission of extra particles through a medium in a nuclear reactor due to the presence of voids in the medium.
(petroleum engineering)
A condition occurring in a water-drive reservoir in which oil is bypassed because of erratic or uncontrolled water encroachment; can be aggravated by excessive production rates.
The steering of energetic charged particles by the atomic rows or atomic planes of a crystalline solid.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


A series of grooves in an architectural member, such as a column.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.