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see salmonsalmon
, member of the Salmonidae, a family of marine fish that spawn in freshwater, including the salmons, the trouts, and the chars (subfamily Salmoninae), the whitefish and the ciscoes (subfamily Coregoninae), and the grayling (subfamily Thymallinae).
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Salvelinus), a genus of fish of the family Salmonidae, with two species: the Alpine char (S. alpinus) and S. leucomaenis. (According to some sources, there are four species.)

In lakes, chars develop habitat types, which are considered subspecies by some taxonomists and species by others. The char is found along the shores of Europe and northern Asia. Its body length is 35–65 cm (rarely, up to 88 cm), and its weight is 1–3 kg (sometimes up to 15 kg). A migratory fish, the char enters rivers for spawning from June to September and spawns in October-November of the sixth to seventh year of its life. The young go out to sea when they are two to four years old. S. leucomaenis inhabits the waters of the Far East, where the subspecies 5. alpinus malma (the Dolly Var-den) is also found. Although the meat of the char has excellent flavor, the fish has only slight commercial importance.


Berg, L. S. Ryby presnykh vod SSSR i sopredel’nykh stran, 4th ed., parts 1–2. Moscow-Leningrad, 1948–49.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


, charr
any of various troutlike fishes of the genus Salvelinus, esp S. alpinus, occurring in cold lakes and northern seas: family Salmonidae (salmon)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005


/keir/ or /char/; rarely, /kar/ character. Especially used by C programmers, as "char" is C's typename for character data.
This article is provided by FOLDOC - Free Online Dictionary of Computing (


(CHARacter) In programming, the mnemonic for declaring a variable or array that holds alphanumeric characters. Pronounced "char" or "car," the C statement char OneChar; declares a single-byte variable named "OneChar," which holds one character. The declaration char InBuff[1000]; reserves a 1,000 byte array named "InBuff."
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References in periodicals archive ?
Uniformly mix the concentrate, biomass char and bentonite (additional 6 mass%) weighed, pelletize the mixture in a balling disc and sift out the 8-12 mm section.
Pyrolysis char is generated in the initial cracking furnace and the pyrolysis char is screened out.
Katesa, "Comparison of kinetic models for C[O.sub.2] gasification of coconut-shell chars: carbonization temperature effects on char reactivity and porous properties of produced activated carbons," Engineering Journal, vol.
The Char Mausum is on Station Road End, Stannington, Morpeth, and is open Monday-Sunday from 5pm-11pm, tel: 01670 789011.
The morphology of the residual char formed after UL-94 vertical test is also investigated by SEM, as shown in Fig.
(22) These heat-resistant components can improve the thermal stability of the coating and enhance antioxidation of the char layer at high temperatures.
The precise location of spawning areas used by Hornaday char have not been described, mainly because the river is inaccessible to fishers in September, when the char spawn (Johnson, 1980).
Because of its distinctive markings - orange underbelly and white leading edges to its fins - the two ghillies reckoned the fish was possibly a char.
Figure 7 shows the macromorphology of char residues as determined from the cone calorimeter testing of pure cone RPUF and DPTP flame-retardant RPUF composites.
The formed char depends on maceral content, coal rank, particle size, char formation temperature, minerals presence [Cloke, 1994], microlitotypes and litotypes content [Bailey, 1990], heating rate during devolatilization, gas room [Chan, 1999] and residence time [Jones, 1999].
Kearns' system links four containers in a series, the first three filled with filtering materials such as sand, char and stone, and the final container holds the pure water.