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see artichokeartichoke,
name for two different plants of the family Asteraceae (aster family), both having edible parts. The French, or globe, artichoke (Cynara scolymus) is a thistlelike plant of which the globular flower heads are used in the immature state as a salad or vegetable;
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; beetbeet,
biennial or annual root vegetable of the family Chenopodiaceae (goosefoot family). The beet (Beta vulgaris) has been cultivated since pre-Christian times. Among its numerous varieties are the red, or garden, beet, the sugar beet, Swiss chard, and several types of
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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Beta cicla, B. vulgardis cicla), a biennial vegetable and ornamental plant. The leaves (leaf varieties) or the petioles (petiole varieties) are used in various foods. Ornamental varieties have beautiful curly, wrinkled leaves with variously colored petioles and leaf veins (mostly red or yellow). Chard is cultivated in Western and Southern Europe, the United States, and other regions. In the USSR it is seldom cultivated.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The gang, clockwise from top left, Nathaniel Freeman, Jordan Morris, Steven Doukure and Ryan Chard, were caught after a luxury holiday in Montego Bay, Jamaica
Swiss chard is a great vegetable to serve with your dinner
"We provide products and services to deliver this lifelong promise, and that makes us unique," Chard said.
Chard explains that this is no coincidence "I want the viewer to feel they are on the outside looking in, because this is how I feel on a very personal level about my own role in society.
The implication of this study on the possible agronomic improvement of Zn content in Swiss chard species tested is discussed.
Add them to the bowl with the chard stems, along with the carrot and radish slices.
Rainbow chard, with varieties such as 'Bright Lights' or ruby chard taste good too and are very decorative to boot.
Meanwhile, make the gratin: Layer half the chard and potatoes into an ovenproof dish, scatter over onion, then place rest of the chard and potatoes on top.
John Chard UE passed away suddenly at the Kingston General Hospital on Friday 17 May 2013, in his 91st year.
In spite of its name, Swiss chard is native to the Mediterranean region, traced specifically to Sicily.
I wanted to follow up with you about the chard seeds that I received after Jeffrey Dickerman offered them in your magazine last fall.