The jet-ports possess a better flow rate performance due to their straighter port forms, as discussed above, which benefits the charge exchange procedure and thus reduces the fuel consumption for the same indicated power.
The results show that the greater flow numbers of the jet-ports reduce the charge exchange work and thus benefit the fuel consumption, however, if raising the swirl number onto the level of ref-ports, the extra power for compressing air partially compensates the fuel consumption saving.
It was also noted that the most likely mechanism for the radiation produced was emission produced during the slowing down and charge exchange of the protons and tritons produced in the initial absorption of the neutrons via the reaction
Experimentally the charge exchange process has been studied in detail for protons or hydrogen atoms moving in beams for a number of gases (2), (3).
I don't mind fair competition, Mr Brown, but to charge me to bet at your courses and not charge exchange
`bookmakers' doesn't seem fair to me.
Last year, Sporting Options fronted a triumphant High Court challenge to the Levy Board over the 42nd levy scheme, a dispute that centred on the decision to charge exchanges
ten per cent of the gross profits of individual bet-laying customers rather than base the charge on the exchanges' gross commission, which had been the method of assessment under the 41st scheme.