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see salmonsalmon
, member of the Salmonidae, a family of marine fish that spawn in freshwater, including the salmons, the trouts, and the chars (subfamily Salmoninae), the whitefish and the ciscoes (subfamily Coregoninae), and the grayling (subfamily Thymallinae).
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Salvelinus), a genus of fish of the family Salmonidae, with two species: the Alpine char (S. alpinus) and S. leucomaenis. (According to some sources, there are four species.)

In lakes, chars develop habitat types, which are considered subspecies by some taxonomists and species by others. The char is found along the shores of Europe and northern Asia. Its body length is 35–65 cm (rarely, up to 88 cm), and its weight is 1–3 kg (sometimes up to 15 kg). A migratory fish, the char enters rivers for spawning from June to September and spawns in October-November of the sixth to seventh year of its life. The young go out to sea when they are two to four years old. S. leucomaenis inhabits the waters of the Far East, where the subspecies 5. alpinus malma (the Dolly Var-den) is also found. Although the meat of the char has excellent flavor, the fish has only slight commercial importance.


Berg, L. S. Ryby presnykh vod SSSR i sopredel’nykh stran, 4th ed., parts 1–2. Moscow-Leningrad, 1948–49.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


, charr
any of various troutlike fishes of the genus Salvelinus, esp S. alpinus, occurring in cold lakes and northern seas: family Salmonidae (salmon)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005


/keir/ or /char/; rarely, /kar/ character. Especially used by C programmers, as "char" is C's typename for character data.
This article is provided by FOLDOC - Free Online Dictionary of Computing (


(CHARacter) In programming, the mnemonic for declaring a variable or array that holds alphanumeric characters. Pronounced "char" or "car," the C statement char OneChar; declares a single-byte variable named "OneChar," which holds one character. The declaration char InBuff[1000]; reserves a 1,000 byte array named "InBuff."
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References in periodicals archive ?
An Asian expatriate who usually has her dinner in some of the eateries and restaurants in the city observed that in many cases the grilled meats they serve are charred.
"I usually tell the waiter who gets my order to cook the chicken well without overdoing it, otherwise you will be disappointed to see the food charred," she stressed.
[T.sub.5wt%] [T.sub.10wt%] [T.sub.20wt%] Samples ([degrees]C) ([degrees]C) ([degrees]C) PP 410 422 434 PPMA0 397 424 441 PPMA1 329 380 428 PPMA2 316 370 427 PPMA3 308 355 413 [T.sub.max] Charred residues at Samples ([degrees]C) 700[degrees]C (wt%) PP 455 0.2 PPMA0 460 19.9 PPMA1 457 8.0 PPMA2 459 16.2 PPMA3 456 10.5 TABLE 4.
The course of research was as follows: any dirt was brushed off from the sample of charred wood and up to 5 mm of the top char layer was scraped with a knife from different points of the sample.
This, along with local weather, directly affects how the spirit is drawn in and out of the barrel's charred wood interior, thereby, influencing the flavors of oak, smoke, vanilla, caramel, old leather, dark fruit, anise and mint that you taste.
In the case of bourbon, age has diminishing returns after a point, but that point is a moving target--master distillers strive to strike a subtle balance between the main flavor components of vanilla and caramel flavors with that of the charred oak.
But our tree, with its feet in the creek in the bottom of Bear Canyon, was unhamed, its bark not even charred. Nominated almost 50 years ago, this tree was one of Arizona's first national champions.
Once charred, the material's rate of heat release drops dramatically, and the time it takes for the modified ABS to reach its peak heat-release rate increases from 9 to almost 19 minutes.
The earliest direct evidence of fire use, in the form of charred animal bones dating to between 1 million and 1.5 million years ago, has been uncovered in a South African cave, report two anthropologists in the Dec.
Gowlett of the University of Liverpool, England, and his co-workers found magnetic changes in pieces of charred clay probably caused by a fire.