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Related to charring: Charing


see salmonsalmon
, member of the Salmonidae, a family of marine fish that spawn in freshwater, including the salmons, the trouts, and the chars (subfamily Salmoninae), the whitefish and the ciscoes (subfamily Coregoninae), and the grayling (subfamily Thymallinae).
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(Salvelinus), a genus of fish of the family Salmonidae, with two species: the Alpine char (S. alpinus) and S. leucomaenis. (According to some sources, there are four species.)

In lakes, chars develop habitat types, which are considered subspecies by some taxonomists and species by others. The char is found along the shores of Europe and northern Asia. Its body length is 35–65 cm (rarely, up to 88 cm), and its weight is 1–3 kg (sometimes up to 15 kg). A migratory fish, the char enters rivers for spawning from June to September and spawns in October-November of the sixth to seventh year of its life. The young go out to sea when they are two to four years old. S. leucomaenis inhabits the waters of the Far East, where the subspecies 5. alpinus malma (the Dolly Var-den) is also found. Although the meat of the char has excellent flavor, the fish has only slight commercial importance.


Berg, L. S. Ryby presnykh vod SSSR i sopredel’nykh stran, 4th ed., parts 1–2. Moscow-Leningrad, 1948–49.



, charr
any of various troutlike fishes of the genus Salvelinus, esp S. alpinus, occurring in cold lakes and northern seas: family Salmonidae (salmon)


/keir/ or /char/; rarely, /kar/ character. Especially used by C programmers, as "char" is C's typename for character data.


(CHARacter) In programming, the mnemonic for declaring a variable or array that holds alphanumeric characters. Pronounced "char" or "car," the C statement char OneChar; declares a single-byte variable named "OneChar," which holds one character. The declaration char InBuff[1000]; reserves a 1,000 byte array named "InBuff."
References in periodicals archive ?
In comparison to oak, the charring rate of aspen samples as well as those of pine and fir were higher.
After 45 minutes of heating, the charring rate of oak was 0.
The regression analysis of the charring rate for different species of wood was made, equations (3)-(6) were obtained, the predicted values of the charring rate calculated using the equations (3)-(6) are presented in Fig.
9597, which was obtained in predicting the charring rate of aspen, fir R = 0.
To predict the charring rate of different species of wood (oak, aspen, pine and fir), the following equations (3)-(6) can be used:
where: *--the equation is applicable when the charring rate is [less than or equal to] than the indicated specific value.
The aim of this article is to study the effect of variability of charring along the members of wooden floor and wall assemblies insulated with heat-resistant mineral wools, such as stone wool and heat-resistant glass wool, and to detect the possible influence of density of wood on the charring rate.
Charring is the most important parameter in the design of timber-frame members for fire resistance.
Charring takes place mainly on the fire-exposed narrow side.
The notional charring rate of small sized timber frame members is given as
0] is the one-dimensional charring rate for timber, given as
p] takes the influence of protective cladding on charring into account.