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see salmonsalmon
, member of the Salmonidae, a family of marine fish that spawn in freshwater, including the salmons, the trouts, and the chars (subfamily Salmoninae), the whitefish and the ciscoes (subfamily Coregoninae), and the grayling (subfamily Thymallinae).
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(Salvelinus), a genus of fish of the family Salmonidae, with two species: the Alpine char (S. alpinus) and S. leucomaenis. (According to some sources, there are four species.)

In lakes, chars develop habitat types, which are considered subspecies by some taxonomists and species by others. The char is found along the shores of Europe and northern Asia. Its body length is 35–65 cm (rarely, up to 88 cm), and its weight is 1–3 kg (sometimes up to 15 kg). A migratory fish, the char enters rivers for spawning from June to September and spawns in October-November of the sixth to seventh year of its life. The young go out to sea when they are two to four years old. S. leucomaenis inhabits the waters of the Far East, where the subspecies 5. alpinus malma (the Dolly Var-den) is also found. Although the meat of the char has excellent flavor, the fish has only slight commercial importance.


Berg, L. S. Ryby presnykh vod SSSR i sopredel’nykh stran, 4th ed., parts 1–2. Moscow-Leningrad, 1948–49.



, charr
any of various troutlike fishes of the genus Salvelinus, esp S. alpinus, occurring in cold lakes and northern seas: family Salmonidae (salmon)


/keir/ or /char/; rarely, /kar/ character. Especially used by C programmers, as "char" is C's typename for character data.


(CHARacter) In programming, the mnemonic for declaring a variable or array that holds alphanumeric characters. Pronounced "char" or "car," the C statement char OneChar; declares a single-byte variable named "OneChar," which holds one character. The declaration char InBuff[1000]; reserves a 1,000 byte array named "InBuff."
References in periodicals archive ?
Archival tags reveal that Arctic charr Salvelinus alpinus and brown trout Salmo trutta can use estuarine and marine waters during winter.
Management of the commercial fishery for anadromous Arctic charr in the Cambridge Bay Area, Northwest Territories, Canada.
High water temperature influences on foraging responses and thermal deaths of Dolly Varden Salvelinus malma and white-spotted charr S.
Community household surveys on the Holman subsistence Arctic charr (Salvelinus alpinus) fishery priorities, needs and traditions.
A biological assessment of Arctic charr stocks in the Kuuk and Kagluk Rivers.
Adfluvial and fluvial life history variations and migratory patterns of a relict charr, Salvelinus confluentus, stock in west-central Idaho, USA.
Energy density of Arctic charr was determined from 19 specimens: three measurements per specimen were taken (n = 15 measurements in Period I, 1985; n = 42 measurements in Period III, 1985).
In summer 2006 and 2007, field research was performed on six lakes (three with sea-run arctic charr and three without) located near Hope Bay, Nunavut.
Anadromous and non-anadromous arctic charr have traditionally been distinguished through the monitoring of tagged fish migrating to and from the sea (e.
We monitored the traps, which caught both ascending and descending charr (larger than 10 cm), from late June (depending on ice conditions) to mid-September (depending on river closing time).
The only fish species present in Lake Hazen is arctic charr (Salvelinus alpinus).