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see salmonsalmon
, member of the Salmonidae, a family of marine fish that spawn in freshwater, including the salmons, the trouts, and the chars (subfamily Salmoninae), the whitefish and the ciscoes (subfamily Coregoninae), and the grayling (subfamily Thymallinae).
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Salvelinus), a genus of fish of the family Salmonidae, with two species: the Alpine char (S. alpinus) and S. leucomaenis. (According to some sources, there are four species.)

In lakes, chars develop habitat types, which are considered subspecies by some taxonomists and species by others. The char is found along the shores of Europe and northern Asia. Its body length is 35–65 cm (rarely, up to 88 cm), and its weight is 1–3 kg (sometimes up to 15 kg). A migratory fish, the char enters rivers for spawning from June to September and spawns in October-November of the sixth to seventh year of its life. The young go out to sea when they are two to four years old. S. leucomaenis inhabits the waters of the Far East, where the subspecies 5. alpinus malma (the Dolly Var-den) is also found. Although the meat of the char has excellent flavor, the fish has only slight commercial importance.


Berg, L. S. Ryby presnykh vod SSSR i sopredel’nykh stran, 4th ed., parts 1–2. Moscow-Leningrad, 1948–49.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


, charr
any of various troutlike fishes of the genus Salvelinus, esp S. alpinus, occurring in cold lakes and northern seas: family Salmonidae (salmon)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005


/keir/ or /char/; rarely, /kar/ character. Especially used by C programmers, as "char" is C's typename for character data.
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(CHARacter) In programming, the mnemonic for declaring a variable or array that holds alphanumeric characters. Pronounced "char" or "car," the C statement char OneChar; declares a single-byte variable named "OneChar," which holds one character. The declaration char InBuff[1000]; reserves a 1,000 byte array named "InBuff."
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References in periodicals archive ?
Potential fragmentation and loss of thermal habitats for two charr species in the Japanese Archipelago due to climatic warming.
High water temperature influences on foraging responses and thermal deaths of Dolly Varden Salvelinus malma and white-spotted charr S.
Nonmigrating fish were classified either as small resident (N = 233) or large resident (N = 57) charr on the basis of a combination of external morphological characters and coloration (Nordeng, 1961; Hindar and Jonsson, 1982).
Charr with a proven seawater stay (captured in the lower trap upon their ascent from the sea) were termed anadromous.
Archival tags reveal that Arctic charr Salvelinus alpinus and brown trout Salmo trutta can use estuarine and marine waters during winter.
The anadromous Arctic charr, Salvelinus alpinus, of Nauyuk Lake, N.W.T., Canada.
Energy density of Arctic charr was determined from 19 specimens: three measurements per specimen were taken (n = 15 measurements in Period I, 1985; n = 42 measurements in Period III, 1985).
In summer 2006 and 2007, field research was performed on six lakes (three with sea-run arctic charr and three without) located near Hope Bay, Nunavut.
Anadromous and non-anadromous arctic charr have traditionally been distinguished through the monitoring of tagged fish migrating to and from the sea (e.g., Johnson, 1989).
Previous scientific investigations have described both large and small forms of arctic charr from Lake Hazen (Hunter, 1960; Johnson, 1983; Reist et al., 1995).