(redirected from chars)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Acronyms.
Related to chars: Charas, charts


see salmonsalmon
, member of the Salmonidae, a family of marine fish that spawn in freshwater, including the salmons, the trouts, and the chars (subfamily Salmoninae), the whitefish and the ciscoes (subfamily Coregoninae), and the grayling (subfamily Thymallinae).
..... Click the link for more information.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Salvelinus), a genus of fish of the family Salmonidae, with two species: the Alpine char (S. alpinus) and S. leucomaenis. (According to some sources, there are four species.)

In lakes, chars develop habitat types, which are considered subspecies by some taxonomists and species by others. The char is found along the shores of Europe and northern Asia. Its body length is 35–65 cm (rarely, up to 88 cm), and its weight is 1–3 kg (sometimes up to 15 kg). A migratory fish, the char enters rivers for spawning from June to September and spawns in October-November of the sixth to seventh year of its life. The young go out to sea when they are two to four years old. S. leucomaenis inhabits the waters of the Far East, where the subspecies 5. alpinus malma (the Dolly Var-den) is also found. Although the meat of the char has excellent flavor, the fish has only slight commercial importance.


Berg, L. S. Ryby presnykh vod SSSR i sopredel’nykh stran, 4th ed., parts 1–2. Moscow-Leningrad, 1948–49.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


, charr
any of various troutlike fishes of the genus Salvelinus, esp S. alpinus, occurring in cold lakes and northern seas: family Salmonidae (salmon)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005


/keir/ or /char/; rarely, /kar/ character. Especially used by C programmers, as "char" is C's typename for character data.
This article is provided by FOLDOC - Free Online Dictionary of Computing (


(CHARacter) In programming, the mnemonic for declaring a variable or array that holds alphanumeric characters. Pronounced "char" or "car," the C statement char OneChar; declares a single-byte variable named "OneChar," which holds one character. The declaration char InBuff[1000]; reserves a 1,000 byte array named "InBuff."
Copyright © 1981-2019 by The Computer Language Company Inc. All Rights reserved. THIS DEFINITION IS FOR PERSONAL USE ONLY. All other reproduction is strictly prohibited without permission from the publisher.
References in periodicals archive ?
Heifers: 22m Char to PS1,275; 21m to PS1,270; 18m to PS1,235; 16m to PS1,250; 12m to PS1,045; 18m Lim to PS1,130; 14m to PS1,000.
Heifers: 24m org Char x to PS955; 24m ped WB to PS1,130; 24m Char x to PS1,050; 20m Lim x to PS1,042; 18m AA x to PS1,095; 18m ped WB to PS930; 18m Sim x to PS920; 15m Char x to PS935; 12m Lim x to PS952; 12m org Char x to PS1,070; 10m org Char x to PS1,015; 6m Char x to PS705.
[13] tried to understand the reduction mechanism of iron ore and carbon composite by volatile matters in biomass char at low temperature.
Using 20, 30, 40, 70 mesh sieve to screen out 20~30 mesh, 30~40 mesh, 40~70 mesh coal sample; Coal sample is roasted for the preparation of pyrolysis char in the case of anaerobic.
Table 2 shows the best fitted parameters of the Freundlich and Sips isotherm equations for C[O.sub.2] adsorption at 273 K by coconut shell chars prepared at various carbonization temperatures.
After the fire protection test, the expansion ratio of the char was calculated by equation (1):
In spring, anadromous Arctic char (smolts or first-time migrants and older fish) leave their freshwater overwintering habitats and make annual migrations to the sea for the important summer feeding period (Johnson, 1980).
Pyrolysis of maize stalk on the characterization of chars formed under different devolatilization conditions.
The objective of the work is to describe the effect of magnetite on the rate of the gasification of the chars from the mixtures of lignite and polymers or celluloses and explain the impact of magnetite on the basis of non-isothermal isoconversional kinetics.
Keeping the above discussion, the present study has been undertaken with the following objectives: i) to determine the participation of char women in income generating activities for a sustainable livelihood, and ii) to determine the characteristics of char women and explore the relationship between the extent of participation in income generating activities for sustainable livelihood by char women and their selected characteristics.