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see salmonsalmon
, member of the Salmonidae, a family of marine fish that spawn in freshwater, including the salmons, the trouts, and the chars (subfamily Salmoninae), the whitefish and the ciscoes (subfamily Coregoninae), and the grayling (subfamily Thymallinae).
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(Salvelinus), a genus of fish of the family Salmonidae, with two species: the Alpine char (S. alpinus) and S. leucomaenis. (According to some sources, there are four species.)

In lakes, chars develop habitat types, which are considered subspecies by some taxonomists and species by others. The char is found along the shores of Europe and northern Asia. Its body length is 35–65 cm (rarely, up to 88 cm), and its weight is 1–3 kg (sometimes up to 15 kg). A migratory fish, the char enters rivers for spawning from June to September and spawns in October-November of the sixth to seventh year of its life. The young go out to sea when they are two to four years old. S. leucomaenis inhabits the waters of the Far East, where the subspecies 5. alpinus malma (the Dolly Var-den) is also found. Although the meat of the char has excellent flavor, the fish has only slight commercial importance.


Berg, L. S. Ryby presnykh vod SSSR i sopredel’nykh stran, 4th ed., parts 1–2. Moscow-Leningrad, 1948–49.



, charr
any of various troutlike fishes of the genus Salvelinus, esp S. alpinus, occurring in cold lakes and northern seas: family Salmonidae (salmon)


/keir/ or /char/; rarely, /kar/ character. Especially used by C programmers, as "char" is C's typename for character data.


(CHARacter) In programming, the mnemonic for declaring a variable or array that holds alphanumeric characters. Pronounced "char" or "car," the C statement char OneChar; declares a single-byte variable named "OneChar," which holds one character. The declaration char InBuff[1000]; reserves a 1,000 byte array named "InBuff."
References in periodicals archive ?
Pyrolysis char is generated in the initial cracking furnace and the pyrolysis char is screened out.
Top prices: Grazing cows -W Davies a'i Fab, Tyn Drain, Trawsfynydd; Char x hfrs -LR & D Thomas, Faeldref, Dyffryn Ardudwy; WB steer -EA & EJ Roberts, Llechlwyd, Bryncrug; Cast ewes -J A Williams, Llety'r Bugail, Bala; Ram -GO Dafis, Dolmoch, Maentwrog; Welsh brdg ewes -JC & SH & GP Owen, Cwm Cloch, Beddgelert; Xbred brdg ewes -T Hughes, Plas Uchaf, Harlech; Welsh store lambs -IA Jones, Pensarn, Talybont; Xbred store lambs -RA Roberts, Pennant, Llanymawddwy.
After the fire protection test, the expansion ratio of the char was calculated by equation (1):
Availability of critical habitats and continued access to them are of paramount importance to anadromous char stocks for their conservation.
4) Essa separacao foi empregada para verificar como as particulas carbonosas se distribuem no po e identificar as possiveis fracoes compostas unicamente por char e coque.
The scores for all the items were added together to have the total score of social participation of a char woman.
Characterization of chars obtained from co-pyrolysis of coal and petroleum residues.
Chars from the mixtures of lignite with polymers, celluloses and wood were used for the experiments.
Because the initial results far exceeded their expectations, Lima and Marshall wondered whether a simpler and less costly char process that skips activation could still transform poultry litter into an effective carbon material for filtering.
Mercury concentrations in arctic char muscle tissue were comparable to those of char in other Arctic lakes, while the total amount of PFCs was below reported levels for remote lakes in the Arctic and elsewhere.
More reactive coal chars have relatively smaller difference in [DELTA]T due to increase of operating pressure than less reactive coal chars.