charter


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charter,

document granting certain rights, powers, or functions. It may be issued by the sovereign body of a state to a local governing body, university, or other corporation or by the constituted authority of a society or order to a local unit. The term was widely applied to various royal grants of rights in the Middle Ages and in early modern times. The most famous political charter is the Magna CartaMagna Carta
or Magna Charta
[Lat., = great charter], the most famous document of British constitutional history, issued by King John at Runnymede under compulsion from the barons and the church in June, 1215.
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 of England. Chartered companies held broad powers of trade and government by royal charter. In colonial America, chartered colonies were in theory, and to an extent in fact, less subject to royal interference than were royal colonies.

Charter

 

(ustav), a body of rules regulating the structure, procedures, and activities of a state agency, enterprise, or institution or of a particular field of activity. Charters in the USSR include the Rules of Railroads of the USSR and the Statute on Secondary General-education Schools. Charters also regulate the armed forces of the USSR (see). Most charters are approved by the highest bodies of state authority in the USSR; the charters of some institutions and organizations are approved by the appropriate ministries and departments. Voluntary sports societies, the various artists’ unions, dacha-building and housing-construction cooperatives, and other organizations are also governed by charters.

Most international organizations have charters that outline their goals, organizational structure, and activities, for example, the Charter of the United Nations.

charter

1. a formal document from the sovereign or state incorporating a city, bank, college, etc., and specifying its purposes and rights
2. a formal document granting or demanding from the sovereign power of a state certain rights or liberties
3. the fundamental principles of an organization; constitution
4. 
a. the hire or lease of transportation
b. the agreement or contract regulating this
c. (as modifier): a charter flight
5. a law, policy, or decision containing a loophole which allows a specified group to engage more easily in an activity considered undesirable
6. Maritime law another word for charterparty
References in periodicals archive ?
2 points better in reading than comparable students in charter schools on the National Assessment of Educational Progress test, often called the nation's report card.
Given that state taxes are used to pay for charter schools, the public has a valid interest in the extent to which the students in those schools are meeting state achievement goals.
Mary's College of Maryland, a public liberal arts school, set the benchmark performance bar for contemporary charter colleges and universities.
By creating a charter school, we can provide a tangible example of what a quality Humanist education is.
Expect to pay a couple of thousand dollars a week for a bareboat, or do-it-yourself, charter on a small sailboat, while a trip aboard the 280-foot mega yacht "Annaliesse" runs about $840,000 per week plus expenses.
But the story created an uproar among educators, including the Charter School Leadership Council, Edison Charter Schools and the Thomas B.
Across the country, parents are learning that charter schools, once promoted as an educational cure-all, are not all they are cracked up to be.
As the Earth Charter itself declares, "we urgently need a shared vision of basic values to provide an ethical foundation for the emerging world community.
Fifth, charter advocates have not been smart enough about accountability, probably because they're split on the subject.
In this book Fuller offers six essays--as much works of journalism as they are academic pieces--on six very different charter school experiments.
Charter Telephone offers customers an unlimited local and long distance calling plan for the U.
With more and more kids in charter schools, more parents are finding out about them and want to send their kids,'' Young said.