château

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Related to chateau: chateau wine, Chateau d'If

château

(shătō`, Fr. shätō`), royal or seignioral residence and stronghold of medieval France—the counterpart of the English castlecastle,
type of fortified dwelling characteristic of the Middle Ages. Fortification of towns had been in practice since antiquity, but in the 9th cent. feudal lords began to develop the private fortress-residence known as the castle.
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 of the period. In such a fortress, peasants of the surrounding country took refuge during time of war. The early fortified château, called a château-fort, reached its culmination in the late 15th cent., when the magnificent feudal Pierrefonds was built near Compiègne. The 16th-century château, with its gardens and outbuildings, was usually surrounded by a moat, but was only lightly fortified. Notable châteaus of the transition period between the military château and the later country estate with extensive landed property are those of the Loire, Indre, and Cher valleys, such as Chambord, Amboise, Blois, Chenonceaux, Azay-le-Rideau, and Chaumont.

Bibliography

See study by F. Gébelin (tr. 1964).

Chateau

A castle or imposing country residence of nobility in old France; any large country estate.

château

château, 1
1.A castle or imposing country residence of nobility in old France.
2. Now, any French country estate.

chateau

, château
1. a country house, castle, or manor house, esp in France
2. (in Quebec) the residence of a seigneur or (formerly) a governor
3. (in the name of a wine) estate or vineyard
References in classic literature ?
The fountain in the village flowed unseen and unheard, and the fountain at the chateau dropped unseen and unheard--both melting away, like the minutes that were falling from the spring of Time-- through three dark hours.
In the glow, the water of the chateau fountain seemed to turn to blood, and the stone faces crimsoned.
The chateau awoke later, as became its quality, but awoke gradually and surely.
Surely, not so the ringing of the great bell of the chateau, nor the running up and down the stairs; nor the hurried figures on the terrace; nor the booting and tramping here and there and everywhere, nor the quick saddling of horses and riding away?
Some of the people of the chateau, and some of those of the posting-house, and all the taxing authorities, were armed more or less, and were crowded on the other side of the little street in a purposeless way, that was highly fraught with nothing.
It portended that there was one stone face too many, up at the chateau.
He spoke Italian like a Tuscan, and Spanish like a Castilian; he would have been free, and happy with Mercedes and his father, whereas he was now confined in the Chateau d'If, that impregnable fortress, ignorant of the future destiny of his father and Mercedes; and all this because he had trusted to Villefort's promise.
Le chateau d'eau de Nianda (Est, region de l'Indenie-Djuablin) rehabilite par l'ambassade des Etats-Unis sera livre, samedi, aux populations, a appris l'AIP.
Chateau de Berne's Romance is a refreshing, everyday rose-perfect for a glass after work or relaxing outdoors with friends.
Chateau L'Estran Cuvee Prestige Medoc, 2010 was spied hiding at the back of a shelf at Tesco Knocknagoney a few years back as I took a designated screenbreak.
Last month, at lunch at the new Chateau 1771 in One Bonifacio High Street, I realized that years before I began to write about food professionally, I had written an informal review for Chateau 1771.
CHATEAU DE MOINES 2012, a super expression of bright fruit, then CHATEAU CALON 2010 (Hubert's wine) a deeply structured beauty from a great vintage.