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(shătō`, Fr. shätō`), royal or seignioral residence and stronghold of medieval France—the counterpart of the English castlecastle,
type of fortified dwelling characteristic of the Middle Ages. Fortification of towns had been in practice since antiquity, but in the 9th cent. feudal lords began to develop the private fortress-residence known as the castle.
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 of the period. In such a fortress, peasants of the surrounding country took refuge during time of war. The early fortified château, called a château-fort, reached its culmination in the late 15th cent., when the magnificent feudal Pierrefonds was built near Compiègne. The 16th-century château, with its gardens and outbuildings, was usually surrounded by a moat, but was only lightly fortified. Notable châteaus of the transition period between the military château and the later country estate with extensive landed property are those of the Loire, Indre, and Cher valleys, such as Chambord, Amboise, Blois, Chenonceaux, Azay-le-Rideau, and Chaumont.


See study by F. Gébelin (tr. 1964).


A castle or imposing country residence of nobility in old France; any large country estate.


château, 1
1.A castle or imposing country residence of nobility in old France.
2. Now, any French country estate.


, château
1. a country house, castle, or manor house, esp in France
2. (in Quebec) the residence of a seigneur or (formerly) a governor
3. (in the name of a wine) estate or vineyard
References in periodicals archive ?
Situated in the heart of Deer Valley Resort's mid-mountain Silver Lake Village, The Chateaux Deer Valley is a luxurious destination and idyllic setting for weddings and just received the Forbes Travel Four-Star rating, in addition to the AAA Four Diamond Award.
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By connecting Relais & Chateaux to the major global distribution systems and to more than 1,000 online distributors, both travel agents and consumers have access to real-time availability and pricing for all of Relais & Chateaux' member hotels.
The Forbes Travel Guide Award is the global benchmark for luxury travel," said Greg Gendron, hotel manager of The Chateaux Deer Valley.
6, 2015 /PRNewswire/ -- The Chateaux Deer Valley, located mid-mountain at Deer Valley Resort, announced today a $15,000 Ultimate Ski Getaway Contest to commemorate their 15-year Anniversary.
Canon Information and Imaging Solutions is pleased to collaborate with Chateaux Software and leverage the company's ability to customize existing applications as well as develop new solutions for client specific business needs.
Accommodations for this tour will be as exceptional and exclusive as the tastings: 2nd Growth Chateau Pichon Longeuville Baron, one of the Medoc's most beautiful chateaux.
About Chateaux Since 1985, Chateaux has been providing technology services and products to define, design, and deliver high-quality corporate information to mid-market and enterprise-level organizations.
With the new Relais & Chateaux and Leading Hotels Gift Certificate program, the choice, literally, is yours.
Grinalds joins Chateaux as an intern for the software development team, gaining valuable experience in a fast-paced environment.
Membership in the association, accorded only to those properties that meet the extremely high Relais & Chateaux standards for "courtesy, charm, character, calm, and cuisine" (the famous five C's), is among the most prestigious acknowledgments of excellence that a hotel can receive.