Cheilitis

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Related to chelitis: actinic cheilitis, angular cheilitis

Cheilitis

 

inflammation of the skin, red border, and mucosa of the lips. Cheilitis has many causes; for example, it may occur as a manifestation of any one of several diseases, including lupus erythematosus. The condition is characterized by reddening, edema, burning, itching, and formation of blisters, ulcers, cracks, scales, and serous-bloody crusts. Acute cheilitis is manifested by eczema or an allergic reaction to a chemical irritant, for example, lipstick or toothpaste. Mycotic cheilitis is caused by yeast fungi, and actinic cheilitis results from prolonged exposure to solar radiation. Exfoliative cheilitis is an inflammation resulting from functional disorders of the nervous system; superficial and deep impetiginous glandular cheilitis is caused by purulent inflammation of the accessory salivary glands.

Treatment is directed toward removing the basic cause. Corticosteroids (in the form of creams and ointments), vitamins, and aqueous solutions of aniline dyes may be applied. Treatment may also include rinsing the mouth with a twoto five-percent soda solution.

REFERENCE

Pashkov, B. M., B. G. Stoianov, and A. L. Mashkilleison. Porazheniia slizistoi obolochki rta i gub pri nekotorykh dermatozakh i sifilise. Moscow, 1970.
References in periodicals archive ?
The most common side effects with oral isotretinoin therapy are skin dryness and chelitis. In a study of 1743 cases reviewing the side effects of isotretinoin, chelitis was reported to be the most common side effect followed by eczema and tiredness [9].
This present study illustrated two forms of candidiasis, pseudomembraneous candidiasis and angular chelitis. World workshop on HIV and oral lesions concluded that oral candidiasis is the most common lesion in children, but there is a lack of data in poor countries.
These metals have been known to trigger chelitis, an allergy that causes inflammation of the lips.
Angular chelitis is inflammation typically seen at the both commissures (angles) of the lips.
4 (11%) scaling of face,2 (5%) patients presented with chelitis. 2 (5%) patients developed mild gastrointestinal side effects including nausea and vomiting.
(6) The differential diagnosis of a persistent labial swelling includes angioedema (idiopathic or hereditary), sarcoidosis, Crohn's disease, OFG, Chelitis granulomatisum (CG), Melkerson Rosenthal Syndrome (MRS) and some specific infections like tuberculosis, leprosy and deep fungal infections.
Angular chelitis and mucositis each were reported by 16%.