drug addiction

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drug addiction


drug dependency

a chronic physical and psychological compulsion or craving to take a drug, in which the person concerned must continue to take the drug in order to avoid unpleasant physical and psychological effects resulting from withdrawal from the drug. Compare DRUG TAKING FOR PLEASURE.

Many drugs can be associated with drug addiction and dependency, including sedatives (e.g. barbiturates), the opiates (e.g. heroin) and alcohol (see ALCOHOLISM). Drugs which do not lead to dependency include cannabis, the hallucinogens (e.g. lysergic acid – LSD), and stimulants such as cocaine and amphetamines. While so-called ‘hard drugs’ such as heroin attract the main attention of governments and researchers, addiction to alcohol is far more widespread. The indiscriminate medicinal use of barbiturates in the 1960s has also been responsible for much drug dependency. More recently, benzodiazepines (notably Valium) replaced barbiturates as a new source of medically induced drug dependency The control of addictive drugs has been a major concern of Western governments and the United Nations, but with mixed success. While government control of dangerous drugs reflects public concern, what needs explanation is why some non-addictive drugs, such as cannabis, are illegal, whilst other, more addictive drugs, such as tobacco and alcohol, are legal. Various explanations are offered for this phenomenon, including: the difficulty of controlling long-established drugs, and the occurrence of MORAL PANICS and mass media DEVIANCE AMPLIFICATION, and hence heightened controls and policing in relation to newly introduced drugs, particularly when these are associated with other forms of social DEVIANCE, and/or with lower status and ethnic minority groups.

Drug Addiction

Confessions of an English Opium-Eater
Thomas de Quincy tells of his opium addiction, his nightmarish experiences, and the sufferings of withdrawal. [Br. Lit.: Haydn & Fuller, 155]
Holmes, Sherlock
the famous sleuth, addicted to cocaine. [Br. Lit.: Benét, 473]
Man with the Golden Arm, The
Chicagoan Frankie Machine, a failure, takes to morphine, murders his supplier, and hangs himself. [Am. Lit.: Benét, 632]
Tyrone, Mary
addicted to morphine after childbirth, thanks to her husband’s choice of a quack doctor. [Am. Lit.: O’Neill Long Day’s Journey into Night in Sobel, 431]
Valley of the Dolls
portrays self-destruction of drug addicted starlets. [Am. Lit.: Valley of the Dolls]
References in periodicals archive ?
This model, which strives to promote understanding among youth about the underlying causes of substance use, enables therapists and clients to see and approach mental health and chemical dependency issues holistically.
* Lower five-year average medical costs for family members of the affected employee ($14,728 less for chemical dependency problems and $8,762 less for psychiatric disorders).
The first edition of The Essentials of Chemical Dependency grew out of materials assembled for a college course that trained specialists in chemical dependency treatment.
The investigators plan to compare the findings with those in a matched group of non-Native American adolescents and also study the same issues among Native American adults in chemical dependency treatment.
Presentations and practical exercises are given later on various topics, such as psychotropic medications, chemical dependency, and bipolar disorder.
Mike Rounds has identified housing, jobs, and mental health and chemical dependency treatment as vital services that should be considered in an effort to ease prison crowding.
The northern comics are performing at London's Dominion Theatre to raise money for The Chemical Dependency Centre and RAPT.
She specializes in dealing with families and children, does marriage counseling, works with families facing chemical dependency issues and treats people with mental health diagnoses.
The third edition of this well-known, evidence-based text presents new ways of thinking about and addressing problems related to chemical dependency treatment and prevention.
Perkinson's second edition of Chemical Dependency: A Practical Guide is part treatment manual and part resource textbook.
Experts in the implementation of chemical dependency and treatment programs for high-risk youth and their families assisted Vista Maria's staff in developing the program and training modules.
One problem is the lack of data on the characteristics of chemical dependency counselors.

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