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see flintflint,
variety of quartz that commonly occurs in rounded nodules and whose crystal structure is not visible to the naked eye. Flint is dark gray, smoky brown, or black in color; pale gray flint is called chert.
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a mineral formation consisting of crystalline and amorphous silica (opal, chalcedony, or quartz). Chert is widespread in nature in the form of concretions, nodules, and seams that either lie parallel with the enclosing limestone and chalk deposits or cut across bedding. It is formed either by diagenesis of deposits, by catagenesis of rocks, or by weathering. It has a hardness of 7 on the mineralogical scale and breaks with a conchoidal fracture. Because of its ability to form a sharp cutting edge when chipped, chert (flint) was used by man from the most ancient times to the Iron Age to make stone tools.


A hard, dense, sedimentary rock composed of fine-grained silica, characterized by a semivitreous to dull luster and a splintery to conchoidal fracture; commonly gray, black, reddish brown, or green. Also known as hornstone; phthanite.


A very fine-grained dense rock consisting of chalcedony or opal, often with some quartz, and sometimes with calcite, iron oxide, organic matter, or other impurities; has a homogeneous texture and white, gray, or black color; some of its constituents may react with cement alkalies and therefore may be undesirable as concrete aggregate for exposed concrete in northern climates.
References in periodicals archive ?
Caption: Billions of years ago, localized hydrothermal activity, not globally warm oceans, heated and altered this South African chert (rocks in the foreground) that formed on the seafloor.
9b), a small chalcedony fragment with blade-like scars, and 30 microblades and fragments made almost entirely on gray and brown cherts.
Rhyolite, slightly coarser than the cherts and chalcedonies, also became relatively more prominent in C2, especially within the tool assemblage.
The name New Harmony Group was proposed by Becker & Droste (1978) to include the Grassy Knob Chert, Backbone Limestone, and Clear Creek Chert (Fig.
Likewise, the limit line of the Clear Creek Chert (Fig.
2], occurs in fine, doubly terminated, deep reddish brown crystals in chert cutting Hale Creek, Trinity County, California.
During one of our trips to the Hale Creek mine area in the early 1970's, several small, waterworn chert specimens containing small, bruised, dark-red, elongated crystals were found among the rocks of Hale Creek.
In the Panhandle of Texas, chert replacement of the Alibates Dolomite (Guadalupian-Ochoan) has produced spherules (less than 5.
More than 12,000 years ago, local natives started to quarry chert from a small Alibates-capped hill within the Canadian River Valley, and tribes continued to quarry the colorful chert for weapons and tools into historic time.
Key words: geochemical analysis, energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence; Mackenzie Inuit, Dene, Kuukpak, lithic raw material procurement, quarry sites, Thunder River chert, oral history
Raw materials include banded light, dark grey and patinated cherts, but white quartzite predominates.
Bedrock consists of limestone, sandstone, shale, chert and mafic igneous rocks (Selkregg, 1974).