Thoracic Cavity

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thoracic cavity

[thə′ras·ik ′kav·əd·ē]

Thoracic Cavity


the anterior (in man, the superior) portion of the body cavity in mammals, separated from the abdominal cavity by the diaphragm.

The respiratory tract, lungs, esophagus, heart, thymus, and the bronchial and lymph nodes are all located in the thoracic cavity; blood vessels, lymphatic vessels, and nerves pass through it as well. The space in the thoracic cavity between the concave inner surfaces of the lungs, in which (in a special pericardial cavity) the heart is located, is called the mediastinum. The thoracic cavity is lined with a serous membrane called the pleura. The lungs are enclosed in the so-called pleural cavities, which are separate in man but communicate with one another in the majority of mammals. The shape of the thoracic cavity depends upon the shape of the thorax and the position of the diaphragm.

References in periodicals archive ?
A case of cervical and mediastinal lymph nodes tuberculosis, tuberculous pleurisy, spinal caries and cold abscess in the anterior chest wall.
Mansour et al reported 7% overall mortality with 24% rate of pneumonia and overall length of the stay of 18[+ or -]6 days after chest wall resection and reconstruction with the mesh.
The observation of a nonsignificant increased frequency of VF induction in the verapamil treated group likely relates to the higher maximum left ventricular pressures achieved from chest wall blows in this group.
It usually spreads by local invasion, often involving the chest wall and/or diaphragm.
Mesenchymal hamartoma of the chest wall may be recognized by its characteristic occurrence in infancy and cross-sectional imaging is needed to differentiate it from fibrous hamartoma [3].
Review of Chest Wall Tumors: A Diagnostic, Therapeutic, and Reconstructive Challenge.
The main objective of the project therefore was to develop an innovative artificial rib bridge replacement that would facilitate chest wall reconstruction surgery patients by employing a range of different design tools and methods.
14,15) While there are several specific types of chest wall pain--including musculoskeletal pain, parietal or intercostal pain, Tietze's syndrome, and costochondral pain--all are manifestations of a musculoskeletal disorder and associated with tenderness of the chest wall.
2 Many patients present with enlargement of cervical, axillary or inguinal lymph nodes3,4 while some present with cold abscesses in neck, groin and chest wall.
If it does recur, a pleurodesis procedure can be done to get the lung to stick better to the chest wall using a special talc.