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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



anti-infantry obstacles usually consisting of three crosses (wooden or metal stakes up to 150 cm each in length) fastened to a long pole and strung with barbed wire lengthwise and crosswise. Chevaux-de-frise are made before or during military operations and are used as independent obstacles or to close off passages in other anti-infantry obstacles. Chevaux-de-frise were used in World Wars I and II.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

cheval-de-frise, pl. chevaux-de-frise

Sharply pointed nails or spikes set into the top of a barrier.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.