chicle


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chicle

(chĭk`əl), name for the gum obtained from the latex of the sapodilla tree (Manilkara zapota), a tropical American evergreen. The sapodilla (known also by many other common names) is widely cultivated in tropical regions, including S Florida, for its fruit, which is plum-sized with translucent yellow-brown flesh. Large-scale cultivation of the tree for latex is impractical because it can be tapped only infrequently and varies widely in yield. Chicle is collected during the rainy season from wild trees in the rain forests. Natives, called chicleros, cut zigzag gashes in the tree trunk and collect the sap in bags. The collected material is boiled until it reaches the correct thickness and is then molded into blocks. These are exported, chiefly to the United States, for use in making chewing gumchewing gum,
confection consisting usually of chicle, flavorings, and corn syrup and sugar (or artificial sweeteners). Prehistoric people are believed to have chewed resins. Spruce resin was chewed as a thirst quencher by Native Americans, from whom pioneers adopted the custom.
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. Unsystematic and excessive tapping of the sapodilla (especially in the Yucatán peninsula, where it was most abundant) is leading to its depletion and has necessitated increasing use of chicle substitutes from other latex-producing plants.

chicle

[′chik·əl]
(materials)
A gummy exudate obtained from the bark of Achras zapota, an evergreen tree belonging to the sapodilla family (Sapotaceae); used as the principal ingredient of chewing gum.
References in periodicals archive ?
Chicleros, or chicle harvesters, were paid very little, and working conditions meant camping in the rainforest for the 4-month-long rainy season when the Sapodilla sap flowed.
Although Diego de Landa, the sixteenth-century bishop of the Yucatan who infamously burned the Maya codices, never admitted to chewing chicle himself, he did praise the taste of sapodilla in his Relacion de las cosas de Yucatan, written about 1566.
Existen en presentaciones de 2 y 4 mg, tal como los chicles, y presentan una efectividad similar (OR 2.05, IC 95% 1.62 - 2.59 [14].
Como ya he senalado, los tres newsgroups que analizamos son: Chicle List (Chicano literature discussion list), Aztlan Net (Latino arts and letters of North America) y mexican.american (soc.culture.mexican.american).
Founded in 1899 as American Chicle by Thomas Adams, Adams was acquired in 1962 by Warner-Lambert Co., which was then acquired by Pfizer.
He noticed Mexicans liked chewing chicle, a rubbery substance from a Central American tree, and in 1869 boiled up some with flavourings and offered it to a store.
Gum in its modern form came into being when a US photographer, Thomas Adams, experimented with chicle - sap from the sapodilla tree - which he knew native Indians chewed.