chikungunya

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chikungunya

(chĭkən-go͞on`yä), viral disease transmitted by the bite of an infected female Aedes mosquito. Symptoms appear after an incubation period of four to eight days and include sudden high fever, severe joint and muscle pain, and often headache, nausea, fatigue, and rash. The virus, of genus Alphavirus, occurs mostly in Africa, Asia, and the Indian subcontinent, but in recent decades has been found in Europe and the Americas. Though the disease is seldom fatal and symptoms generally subside after a few days, there is no cure for chikungunya, and it can cause long-term joint pain and other complications. Non-aspirin medications that reduce fever and relieve pain may help alleviate symptoms. Infection may be avoid by preventing mosquito bites with insect repellents and protective clothing and by removing water-filled breeding sites. The disease is sometimes misdiagnosed as dengue feverdengue fever
, acute infectious disease caused by four closely related viruses and transmitted by the bite of the female Aedes mosquito; it is also known as breakbone fever and bone-crusher disease.
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, especially in areas where dengue is common. The virus was first identified in 1953, in Tanzania (then Tanganyika). Since 2000 there have been epidemics in several countries in SE Asia as well as islands in the Indian Ocean and the S Pacific. In 2007 the first outbreak in Europe occurred in NE Italy. The first outbreak in the Americas began in the Caribbean in 2013, and the first domestically acquired cases occurring in the United States were recorded in S Florida in 2014.
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References in periodicals archive ?
The experts analysed the structural genes E1 and E2 in the chikungunya virus. " With respect to E1 gene, all the Delhi samples showed 15 variations," the scientist said.
These rates were 40%-58.6% for positive dengue virus or chikungunya virus sample subgroups and 11.9%-21.4% for the negative dengue virus, negative chikungunya virus, and negative Zika virus sample subgroup (Table 3).
Chikungunya virus disease, the arboviruses: epidemiology and ecology.
Interventions for treating patients with chikungunya virus infection-related rheumatic and musculoskeletal disorders: a systematic review.
Reduced Incidence of Chikungunya Virus Infection in Communities with Ongoing Aedes Aegypti Mosquito Trap Intervention Studies - Salinas and Guayama, Puerto Rico, November 2015-February 2016.
In addition to a systemic secreted antibody that could provide passive immunity, Moderna is also exploring using mRNA to encode viral antigens as a prophylactic vaccine against the Chikungunya virus (mRNA-1388).
Recognition of chikungunya virus infection in patients presenting with an acute febrile illness and polyarthralgia after recent travel to epidemic/ endemic regions is of paramount importance to prevent the introduction of the virus to Oman.
Madam, I would like to draw your attention about Chikungunya Virus (CHIKV), Aedes aegypti mosquito-borne an emerging alpha virus disease.1 CHIKV has recently reared its head and is affecting hundreds of people in the world's highly populated city Karachi-Pakistan.
KARACHI -- The recent full-scale outbreaks of chikungunya arbovirus infection in Pakistan suggests the country has become a safe haven for chikungunya virus, while Sindh topsthe list asthe most affected province with chikungunya virus, according to the findings of an international study.
Karachi -- The recent full-scale outbreaks of chikungunya arbovirus infection in Pakistan suggests the country has become a safe haven for chikungunya virus, while Sindh tops the list as the most affected province with chikungunya virus, according to the findings of an international study.
'We are asking (the residents) to clean our surroundings and avoid stagnant water which is the breeding ground of mosquitos carrying Chikungunya Virus,' said a Facebook post of Tanglaw Mansalay, which is managed by the information office of the Mansalay LGU.