chill

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chill

1. a feverish cold
2. a metal plate placed in a sand mould to accelerate cooling and control local grain growth

Chill

 

a sensation of cold that is caused by spasms of the superficial blood vessels. Chill is also accompanied by skin-muscle spasms, a phenomenon known as gooseflesh, and by muscle tremors, which arise mostly in the masticatory muscles and also in the muscles of the shoulder girdle, spine, and extremities. Chill often occurs as fever begins to rise in many pathological conditions, including traumas and infections. While experiencing chill, the body loses heat at a lower rate and produces heat at a higher rate; the increased heat production is due to muscle contraction, and after the body temperature rises, the chill usually ceases. Chill also occurs at the height of a fever if the body temperature fluctuates sharply.

Nervous, as opposed to physiological, chill is only a subjective sensation that occurs, for example, in neuroses. Chill is a normal protective reaction in response to exposure to cold. It can also occur in excitable persons under conditions of fear or agitation.

chill

[chil]
(metallurgy)
A metal plate inserted in the surface of a sand mold or placed in the mold cavity to rapidly cool and solidify the casting, producing a hard surface.
White or mottled iron occurring on the surface of a rapidly cooled gray iron casting.

CHILL

References in periodicals archive ?
Hie found his room as cold as out of doors, with its vacant fireplace emphasizing its chilliness.
Anxiety, restlessness, heart palpitations, chilliness, weakness from slight exertion, and fear of death.
There's a chilliness to the breeze blowing in from the coast and the few patches of blue breaking through the cloud have a colder edge to them these days.
The common pointers to this remedy are apprehension, indifference, chilliness, sensitivity to cold air, a craving for fat and an anxiety that's felt in the stomach.
The shiver of the chilliness burns my cheeks as I watch the snow spiral down, tossed by the wind like autumn leaves.
Murray will also have to work out the conditions, which have ranged from customary heat to unseasonal chilliness.
f) Questionnaire-based information: self-reported long-lasting exposure at workplace to heat, chilliness, or wetness.
The study, carried out at Cardiff University's Common Cold Centre, found that "a simple hot drink can provide an immediate and sustained relief from symptoms of runny nose, cough, sneezing, sore throat, chilliness and tiredness.
It also had immediate effects on symptoms such as tiredness, chilliness and cough and within 15 minutes it had beneficial effects on symptoms of runny noses and sneezing.
The researchers found that "a simple hot drink of fruit cordial can provide immediate and sustained relief from symptoms of runny nose, cough, sneezing, sore throat, chilliness and tiredness".
Martin brings a Thom Yorke-like chilliness to clunky lyrics about the dead not being dead but rather having taken up residence in his noggin on the disembodied spirits ditty "42.
The downside of this neat construction is a chilliness that Laurence Boswell's direction does little to disguise.