chinquapin

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chinquapin

(chĭng`kəpĭn) [Algonquian], name for certain American species of the chestnutchestnut,
name for any species of the genus Castanea, deciduous trees of the family Fagaceae (beech or oak family) widely distributed in the Northern Hemisphere. They are characterized by thin-shelled, sweet, edible nuts borne in a bristly bur.
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 genus of the family Fagaceae (beechbeech,
common name for the Fagaceae, a family of trees and shrubs mainly of temperate and subtropical regions in the Northern Hemisphere. The principal genera—Castanea (chestnut and chinquapin), Fagus (beech), and Quercus
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 family) and for a related species, the golden chinquapin (Castanopsis chrysophylla), an evergreen of the Pacific states. The common chinquapin is Castanea pumila, native to the E United States. Its wood and fruit are used like those of the chestnut. The bush chinquapin (C. alnifolia) has a more southern range. Chinquapin is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Fagales, family Fagaceae.
References in periodicals archive ?
This one comes out of Chinkapin oak (also called Chestnut oak).
Table 1.--Total number of seedlings of each tree species counted in all experimental plots and mean ([+ or -] SE) abundance/plot for each species; n = 18 10 x 10 m plots Number of Abundance Tree species Common name seedlings of seedlings Acer negundo Box elder 12 0.67 [+ or -] 0.12 Acer saccharum Sugar maple 530 29.4 [+ or -] 8.41 Asimina triloba Pawpaw 16 0.89 [+ or -] 0.43 Carya cordiformis Butternut hickory 8 0.44 [+ or -] 0.33 Fagus grandifolia American beech 3 0.17 [+ or -] 0.17 Fraxinus americana White ash 130 7.22 [+ or -] 2.23 Prunus serotina Black cherry 90 5.00 [+ or -] 1.67 Quercus muehlenbergii Chinkapin oak 4 0.22 [+ or -] 0.14 Ulmus americana American elm 68 3.78 [+ or -] 0.71
Caption: Top right: A wound early in this chinkapin oak's life allowed rot to hollow out the base.
Other prominent white oaks include Quercus prinus, the shallow lobed chestnut; Quercus muehlenbergii, or chinkapin oak; Quercus michauxii, also called swamp chestnut; Quercus bicolor or swampwhite; and Quercus macrocarpa, the burr oak.
But the standout was Kansas where seven different nominators located the biggest paper birch, narrowleaf cottonwood, Washington hawthorn, dwarf chinkapin oak, western soapberry, little walnut, and two co-champion oriental arborvitae.
White oaks include Burr oak, overcup oaks, post oak, swamp chestnut and chinkapin oak.
190 Eastern redcedar Junipents virginiana 249 Chinkapin oak Quercus muehlenbergii 558 Elms Ulmus alata, U.
Quercus muhlenbergii Engelm.; Yellow, Chinkapin, or Chinquapin Oak; Woods along creek on east side; Rare (one tree); C = 4; BSUH 13935.
Chinese tallow Triadica selnfera (L.) Small chinkapin oak Quercus muehlenbergii Engelm.
Quercus muhlenbergii Engelm.; Yellow, Chinkapin, or Chinquapin Oak; Ridgetop woods and adjacent upland slopes; Infrequent; C = 4; BSUH 13362.
melanocarpa Cherry Sour Prunus cerasus Chinkapin Florida Castanea alnifolia Cinnecord Acacia choriophylla Coconut Palm Cocos nucifera Cocoplum Chrysobalanus icaco Colubrina Coffee Colubrina arborescens Colubrina Cuba Colubrina cubensis Corkwood Leitneria floridana Cranberrybush American Viburnum trilobum Crossopetalum Florida Crossopetalum rhacoma Cupania Florida Cupania glabra Cypress Cuyamaca Cupressus arizonica v.