Capillary gas chromatography with mass spectrometric and atomic emission detection for characterization and monitoring chlordimeform
degradation in honey.
Enhanced absorption and persistence of carbofuran and chlordimeform
in rice plant on root zone application under flooded conditions.
Morillo E, Maqueda C (1992) Simultaneous adsorption of chlordimeform
and zinc on montmorillonite.
Tickicide Period of use Period of arsenic use Arsenic (trioxide) 1935-1955 Period of DDT use DDT 1955-1962 Benzene hexachloride 1955-1962 Early period of modern chemical use Coumaphos 1962-1965 Carbophenothion 1962 Carbaryl 1963-1970 Chlorpyrifos 1969-1974 Bromophos ethyl 1969 Dioxothion 1962-1976 Ethion 1962-1976 Chlordimeform
1973-1976 Cymyazole 1977-1986 Late period of modern chemical use Chlormethiuron 1977 Amitraz 1976-present Promacyl 1977-present Cypermethrin 1979-present Chlorfenvinphos 1979-present Flumethrin 1986-present Table 2.
Table 2 List of the Thirty-One Substances Covered by the Rotterdam PIC Convention Pesticides Industrial chemicals 2,4,5-T Crocidolite Aldrin (a) Polybrominated biphenyls (PBB) (a) Binapacryl Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) (a) Captafol Polychlorinated terphenyls (PCT) (a) Chlorobenzilate Tris(2,3dibromopropyl) phosphate Chlordane (a) Chlordimeform
DDT (a) Dieldrin (a) Dinoseb and dinoseb salts 1,2-dibromoethane (EDB) Ethylene dichloride Ethylene oxide Fluoroacetamide HCH (a) Heptachlor (a) Hexachlorobenzene (a) Lindane (a) Mercury compounds Toxaphene (a) Pentachlorophenol Methyl-parathion Methamidophos Monocrotophos Parathion Phosphamidon Source: Adapted from Annex III of the convention.
The Convention covers 22 dangerous pesticides and 5 industrial chemical products:- Pesticides: 2,4,5-T, aldrin, captafol, chlordane, chlordimeform
, chlorobenzilate, DDT, dieldrine, dinoseb, dibromo-1,2, ethane (EDB), fluoroacetamide, HCH, heptachlor, hexachlorobenzene, lindane, mercury compounds, certain formulations of monocroptophos, methamidophos, phosphamidon, methyl-parathion and parathion.
1986) and Bobwhite chicks exposed to the pesticide chlordimeform
(Fleming et al.
had a lower acute toxicity than the early organochlorines, less persistence in the environment, and a lower effective dosage.