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, choregraphy
1. the composition of dance steps and sequences for ballet and stage dancing
2. the steps and sequences of a ballet or dance
3. the notation representing such steps
4. the art of dancing
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(1) A term originally used for the art of notating dances. The first attempts to record dances were made in the late 15th and early 16th centuries, but it was not until the late 17th and early 18th centuries that French choreographers and dance teachers, such as P. Beauchamp, R.-A. Feuillet, and P. Rameau, devised a system of dance notation, which later became widespread. The term “choreography” was introduced by the choreographer Feuillet, author of Chorégraphie ou l’arte de décrire la danse (1700). In Russia, two systems of dance notation were devised in the late 18th century: the system of F. A. Zorn (in Russian, A. Ia. Tsorn; 1889), used mainly by teachers of ballroom dances, and the system of V. I. Stepanov (1891). Stepanov’s system was used to record 27 ballets from the repertoire of the Mariinskii Theater in St. Petersburg.

(2) The art of composing dances and ballets. In this sense, the term has been used since the mid-19th century. Authors of the steps and dances in a ballet are called choreographers.

(3) The art of the dance as a whole. It is one of the oldest forms of art, whose means of expression are movements of the human body to music (seeDANCE).


Lisitsian, S. Zapis’ dvizheniia (Kinetografiia). Moscow-Leningrad, 1940.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
"Conversation" is a light-hearted improvisational duet about a couple feuding and bickering in public, choreographed by Corrie Cowart.
In 1969, he choreographed a season of Liberace's show, and three shows he choreographed won the Golden Rose at Montreux.
"Restoring Force," choreographed by Lindsey Primich and set to Philip Glass' Violin Concerto (1987);
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An ersatz June Taylor number, (bite choreographed by Mercedes Ellington, opened the show.
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He also choreographed for a local production of the musical Footloose and for Murderous Instincts, which played in Puerto Rico three years ago with Lucecita Benitez (the show is running in London now).
The young Balanchine's constant hunger in those dark, post-revolutionary years, he calls "inadequate meals." His subject's daring, eroticized first ballets, choreographed at age 16, are labeled "more than merely promising." And maybe not trusting his own claims for his hero, Teachout ends up bashing Balanchine's predecessors and partners on the head.
He choreographed for the popular theater, first in London, then on Broadway, staging a decade of American musicals and working with performers such as Josephine Baker and the Nicholas Brothers.
Traditionalists may feast on the Don Quixote and Raymonda, choreographed, respectively, by Ratmansky predecessors Alexei Fadeyechev and Yuri Grigorovich.
To quote, "Watchmaker Movado has created three limited-edition ruby, diamond, and sapphire necklaces to celebrate Stars and Stripes, choreographed by George Balanchine for Suzanne Farrell." Mr.
It had streams of beautiful dancing choreographed by the 80-year-old Petipa--his "last masterpiece," said contemporaries.