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, choregraphy
1. the composition of dance steps and sequences for ballet and stage dancing
2. the steps and sequences of a ballet or dance
3. the notation representing such steps
4. the art of dancing



(1) A term originally used for the art of notating dances. The first attempts to record dances were made in the late 15th and early 16th centuries, but it was not until the late 17th and early 18th centuries that French choreographers and dance teachers, such as P. Beauchamp, R.-A. Feuillet, and P. Rameau, devised a system of dance notation, which later became widespread. The term “choreography” was introduced by the choreographer Feuillet, author of Chorégraphie ou l’arte de décrire la danse (1700). In Russia, two systems of dance notation were devised in the late 18th century: the system of F. A. Zorn (in Russian, A. Ia. Tsorn; 1889), used mainly by teachers of ballroom dances, and the system of V. I. Stepanov (1891). Stepanov’s system was used to record 27 ballets from the repertoire of the Mariinskii Theater in St. Petersburg.

(2) The art of composing dances and ballets. In this sense, the term has been used since the mid-19th century. Authors of the steps and dances in a ballet are called choreographers.

(3) The art of the dance as a whole. It is one of the oldest forms of art, whose means of expression are movements of the human body to music (seeDANCE).


Lisitsian, S. Zapis’ dvizheniia (Kinetografiia). Moscow-Leningrad, 1940.
References in periodicals archive ?
Directing opera is the newest frontier for adventurous choreographers.
This week, Les Grands Ballet Canadiens de Montreal will perform works by two young European choreographers when the company makes its debut at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion on Friday and Saturday, kicking off the fourth season of Dance at the Music Center.
THE BOTTOM PROJECT: Lesbian choreographer and scrumptious performer Julie Tolentino explores the meanings of bottoms up, hitting bottom, and bottom versus top.
Festival education programs include nearly 300 master classes and workshops in various dance styles and techniques offered to students age 12 and up, dancers, teachers, choreographers, and other dance enthusiasts.
Nobody likes to audition," she says, "but I understand that every choreographer has different ideas, and we are a very varied group of dancers.
Fagan, a native of Jamaica whose style of modern dance is as eclectic as his taste in music, is best known to mainstream theatergoers as the Tony-Award winning choreographer of the Broadway musical ``The Lion King.
Ten heavy hitters in the ballet field, including choreographers, directors, dancers, and executive directors, replied with some solutions.
V'' is the first work Morris created in his center, which is the first built by a dance company with a single choreographer.
They built the program to give professional dancers and advanced students exposure to teachers, choreographers, and artistic directors while on summer layoff, and choreographers the freedom to experiment, and even, as Slipper put it, to fail.
Arpino is a choreographer not afraid to tackle topical and often controversial subjects.
The French choreographer's iconic fat suits, in which 20 dancers waddle and cavort-and do it with great technical skill--to two Bach Brandenburg Concertos, aren't nearly as witty as this piece's sophisticated satirical jab at choreographers who deploy bouncy baroque music like sonic wallpaper, to conceal the cracks in their craftsmanship.
Revolutionary choreographers first emerged in the early 1960s, performing everyday, naturalistic movements in everyday clothing - sweat pants and sneakers - to create New Dance, following the artistic impulse of iconoclast John Cage and his New Music.