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, choregraphy
1. the composition of dance steps and sequences for ballet and stage dancing
2. the steps and sequences of a ballet or dance
3. the notation representing such steps
4. the art of dancing



(1) A term originally used for the art of notating dances. The first attempts to record dances were made in the late 15th and early 16th centuries, but it was not until the late 17th and early 18th centuries that French choreographers and dance teachers, such as P. Beauchamp, R.-A. Feuillet, and P. Rameau, devised a system of dance notation, which later became widespread. The term “choreography” was introduced by the choreographer Feuillet, author of Chorégraphie ou l’arte de décrire la danse (1700). In Russia, two systems of dance notation were devised in the late 18th century: the system of F. A. Zorn (in Russian, A. Ia. Tsorn; 1889), used mainly by teachers of ballroom dances, and the system of V. I. Stepanov (1891). Stepanov’s system was used to record 27 ballets from the repertoire of the Mariinskii Theater in St. Petersburg.

(2) The art of composing dances and ballets. In this sense, the term has been used since the mid-19th century. Authors of the steps and dances in a ballet are called choreographers.

(3) The art of the dance as a whole. It is one of the oldest forms of art, whose means of expression are movements of the human body to music (seeDANCE).


Lisitsian, S. Zapis’ dvizheniia (Kinetografiia). Moscow-Leningrad, 1940.
References in periodicals archive ?
Directing opera is the newest frontier for adventurous choreographers.
This week, Les Grands Ballet Canadiens de Montreal will perform works by two young European choreographers when the company makes its debut at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion on Friday and Saturday, kicking off the fourth season of Dance at the Music Center.
THE BOTTOM PROJECT: Lesbian choreographer and scrumptious performer Julie Tolentino explores the meanings of bottoms up, hitting bottom, and bottom versus top.
Festival education programs include nearly 300 master classes and workshops in various dance styles and techniques offered to students age 12 and up, dancers, teachers, choreographers, and other dance enthusiasts.
Fagan, a native of Jamaica whose style of modern dance is as eclectic as his taste in music, is best known to mainstream theatergoers as the Tony-Award winning choreographer of the Broadway musical ``The Lion King.
Levy, her associate Joe Fritz, and choreographer Christopher Wheeldon, who created the 10-minute showstopper, huddle in the dark theater to resolve spacing issues and track sightlines.
While the essence of Judaism manifests differently for each choreographer, there is a common thread amongst them all--a commitment to self-exploration and questioning.
Jack Moore, an amazing choreographer, artist, and performer, was always quietly there with wise suggestions when we were going crazy.
She warns that choreographers often create movement that fits their own body, but the same movements may cause you, the dancer, to "ignore your own alignment and sense of personal movement style.
The troupe, made up of seven 11- and 12-year-olds, has gone in two years from giving informal performances in friends' lofts to working and sharing stages with some of New York's most inventive choreographers and dance companies.
As the ballet company's artistic director, Baryshnikov brought Tharp on board as his assistant and brought the work of more post-modern choreographers into the repertory, including Lucinda Childs, whose work will also be included in PAST Forward.
The Belgian choreographer thrusts her eight black-clad dancers into a measured movement maelstrom, introducing and then developing thematic elements.