Topbas, "Acute syphilitic posterior placoid chorioretinitis
after an intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide injection," Acta Ophthalmologica Scandinavica, vol.
While there are a couple reports of bilateral papillitis being one of the findings on initial presentation, they were associated with a more robust unilateral focal chorioretinitis
or a chorioretinitis
with decreased visual acuity .
Ocular manifestations reported to be associated with dengue infection are mostly posterior segment, such as macular edema, vascular occlusion, vitreous hemorrhage, optic neuropathy, chorioretinitis
, vasculitis with retinal hemorrhages, and cotton wool spots.
Just like in secondary syphilis, the patients with tertiary syphilis can get a systemic involvement with neurosyphilis (asymptomatic, meningeal and vascular, parenchymatous with general paralysis, tabes), cardiovascular syphilis (coronary disease, aortitis, aortic aneurism), ophthalmic involvement (iritis, chorioretinitis
, optic atrophy).
a CRS is characterized by low birth weight, ophthalmic problems (cataracts, glaucoma, pigmentary retinopathy, chorioretinitis
, and microphthalmia); auditory problems (sensorineural hearing impairment); cardiac problems (ventricular septal defects, patent ductus arteriosus, peripheral pulmonary artery stenosis, and hypoplasia or coarctation of the aorta); and/or neurologic problems (intracranial calcifications, microcephaly, behavior disorders and meningoencephalitis).
The mean CD4-count of patients with posterior segment lesions like CMV retinitis (93.8 cells/[mm.sup.3]), retinal detachment (74.7 cells/[mm.sup.3]), tuberculous chorioretinitis
(96 cells/[mm.sup.3]), and ARN (64 cells/[mm.sup.3]) was less than 100 cells/[mm.sup.3].
MRI, screening for inborn error of metabolism, torch antibody titer (done in neonates with low birth weight, microcephaly, cataract, chorioretinitis
, hepato-splenomegally and jaundice), reticulocyte count, coomb's test and urine for reducing substances were done in selected cases guided by history, examination and initial investigations to reach the final diagnosis.
A case series from the 1940s in which 98% of the neonates being studied had a clinically evident case of Toxoplasmosis infection revealed that over 50% of the cases presented with chorioretinitis
, intracranial calcifications, abnormal cerebrospinal fluid, and anemia (Guerina et.
presents as a vitritis associated with bilateral, large, solitary, placoid, pale yellow subretinal lesions with central fading and stippled retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) hyperpigmentation.
The diagnostic yield for PCR for toxoplasmosis chorioretinitis
in this series was comparable with that for viral retinitis (12 of 16 cases, or 75%) and is higher than the 9 of 25 cases (36%) reported by de Groot-Mijnes et al.
Coleman is almost blind - the result of a chorioretinitis
infection he contracted while fighting with the 56th Amphibious Tank & Tractor Battalion-Elite in the Korean War - which made the meticulous procedure of lifting him into his seat of the plane even more laborious.
HSV infection of the eye can vary from mild blepharitis to sight-threatening chorioretinitis
. Primary infection of the eye is usually subclinical but reactivation of a latent infection can lead to recurrent disease.