chow chow

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chow chow,

breed of powerful nonsporting dognonsporting dog,
classification used by breeders and kennel clubs to designate dogs that may formerly have been bred to hunt or work but that are now raised chiefly as house pets and companions.
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 whose origins are obscure but whose development was accomplished many centuries ago in China. It stands from 18 to 20 in. (45.7–50.8 cm) high at the shoulder and weighs from 50 to 60 lb (22.7–27.2 kg). Its abundant double coat consists of a soft, woolly underlayer and a dense, straight topcoat that stands out from the body. It may be any solid color. The ancestors of the chow chow are believed by some to have been the mastiff of Tibet and the Samoyed. However, because it is the only breed possessing a black tongue, other authorities contend that it is a basic breed and the progenitor of the Samoyed, the Keeshond, the Norwegian elkhound, and the Pomeranian. Whatever the truth of its origins, it was used as an all-purpose hunting dog in China 2,000 years ago. Its name derives from the pidgin-English term for miscellaneous cargo, of which the dog formed a part, brought from China to England in the late 18th cent. It is raised as a companion and house pet. See dogdog,
carnivorous, domesticated wolf (Canis lupus familiaris) of the family Canidae, to which the jackal, fox, and tanuki also belong. The family Canidae is sometimes referred to as the dog family, and its characteristics, e.g.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Chow Chow


a breed of dog. The chow chow originated in China and Manchuria, where it was bred as a hunting dog and was also used for food. It was brought to Great Britain in the 19th century and considerably improved. Because of its distinctive appearance, it is now bred as a show dog and pet. The chow chow is of medium height, 45 cm or higher. It has a massive head, a short muzzle, and a broad chest. The front legs are massive; the hind legs have short shins and straight hocks. The tail is highly placed and curved over the back. The fur is straight, with a thick undercoat, and is especially long on the neck, the extremities, and the tail. Its color is various shades of yellow, black, gray, or white. Chow chows are found all over the world.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The former child star also had an advice for dog lovers who want to own a chow chow. "For those thinking of getting a dog, I have been told that chow chow's are the number one breed known to be involved (in) dog bite cases.
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The breeds that MetLife has identified as a high risk include American Staffordshire Terrier, chow chow, German shepherd, Doberman pinscher, Malamute, husky, pit bull, Rottweiler, dingo and "any other dog that has a previous bite history," Berstein said.
From my own contact with Bamboo English in 1951-52, "have-yes" or habu- yes was more a unit than is suggested by its spelling here as "have, yes?" "Mama-san" and "chow chow" are also natural to this form of speech.
The chow chow was bred more than 2,000 years ago, during the Han dynasty of China.
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