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cord made from the intestines of various animals (especially sheep and horses, but not cats). The membrane is chemically treated, and slender strands are woven together into cords of great strength, which are used for stringing musical instruments such as the violin and the harp. Roman strings, imported from Italy, are considered the best for musical instruments. Catgut is also used for stringing tennis rackets and for some surgical sutures.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



cord made from the intestines of small cattle; a surgical sewing material. Catgut is used for internal sutures and for ligating blood vessels during operations. Catgut sutures are sometimes used externally under plaster casts. Catgut is absorbed by the tissues after seven to 30 days. [12–191–]

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


A thin cord made from the submucosa of sheep and other animal intestine; used for sutures and ligatures, for strings of musical instruments, and for tennis racket strings. Also known as gut.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
In group 1 polypropylene 5/0 suture was used where as in group 2 chromic catgut 5/0 was utilized as suturing material.
The median number of analgesic doses was seven with chromic catgut, eight with standard polyglactin 910, and six with fast-absorbing polyglactin 910.
chromic catgut. The muscles were sutured with chromic catgut no 2 (Fig.
The rumen wall was closed by cushing patten using no-2 chromic catgut. The abdominal cavity was checked for presence of any abnormalities.
Oxytetracycline liquid was poured into abdominal cavity and muscles were closed in overlapping pattern using chromic catgut no.
Then the defect in abomasum was repaired following inversion suture pattern using chromic catgut 1-0 material in both the animals (Fig.
The cystotomy incision was closed by double inversion suture pattern using no.2-0 chromic catgut. Laporotomy incision was closed in routine manner.
The urachus was traced up to the bladder and was ligated by chromic catgut number 2 absorbable sutures as close to the bladder as possible (Fig.5) and then the same was resected.
Uterus was closed in double inversion manner using chromic catgut no.2 (Fig.
The mucus membrane, muscle and skin of each vulval lips were sutured using no.2 chromic catgut separately and proper vulval opening from dorsal to ventral commissure was ensured (Fig.