chronic alcoholism


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chronic alcoholism

[′krän·ik ′al·kə‚hȯ‚liz·əm]
(medicine)
Excessive consumption of alcohol over a prolonged period of time.
References in periodicals archive ?
Hence, this study was planned with the objective to assess the memory functioning, intelligence, spatial ability, and visuomotor coordination in patients with WE following chronic alcoholism.
Mandyam and Koob 2012): It is unlikely, however, that enough neurons could be made to replace the volume loss observed in chronic alcoholism.
For patients with long history of chronic alcoholism it was reported the need for a significant increase in the amount of local anesthetic to get the pain control [6].
From the viewpoint of epidemiology chronic alcoholism is an important factor in the development of oral and its mucosal diseases.
Although few patients reported current alcohol abuse, the medical records showed chronic alcoholism or abuse in approximately half.
There are a currently a number of pharmacologic strategies for persons suffering from chronic alcoholism.
Tobacco smoking and chronic alcoholism as risk factors in both groups were determined with equal frequency, but their intensity was greater in younger patients(32% and 8%, respectively).
5,6) Cervical epidural abscess without predisposing factors have been reported before (7), however, previous case series (4) have shown that the development of spinal abscess is predisposed by risk factors such as intravenous drug abuse, nonspinal infection (cellulitis, furuncles, retropharyngeal or psoas abscess and endocarditis); diabetes mellitus, chronic alcoholism, recent spinal or epidural procedures, recent spinal trauma, HIV infection, and chronic steroid use.
Chronic alcoholism was common (39%), especially among the 6 case-patients who died (67%).
Lingering and accruing untoward consequences of alcohol use disorders (also referred to as chronic alcoholism and alcohol dependence and abuse) on cognitive and motor functions, recognized for centuries, commonly have been attributed to generalized toxic effects of alcohol on the brain.
The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) recommends vaccination for all adults 65 years and older and adults 19 years and older with chronic lung disease, including asthma, or other chronic medical conditions such as cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, chronic liver diseases, chronic alcoholism, chronic renal failure, asplenia, and other immunocompromising conditions.
3), (4) Finally, improvements have been made in screening for chronic alcoholism by a combination of patient information and blood-chemistry analyses.

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