Thyroiditis

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Related to chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis: chronic lymphocytic leukemia

thyroiditis

[‚thī‚rȯi′dīd·əs]
(medicine)
Inflammation of the thyroid gland.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Thyroiditis

 

inflammation of the thyroid gland caused by nonspecific infection (for example, staphylococcosis), specific infection (tuberculosis), poisoning (by lead or carbon monoxide), or autoimmune diseases. Symptoms include pain upon swallowing or moving the head backward, throbbing pain in the ears and lower jaw, elevated body temperature, enlargement of the neck, and tenderness of the regional lymph nodes. The course of thyroiditis may be acute, subacute, or chronic. Treatment calls for the use of antiinflammatory agents, analgesics, antibiotics, corticosteroids, thyroidin, and vitamins. Suppurative thyroiditis is treated surgically.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Loss of heterozygosity mutations of tumor suppressor genes in cytologically atypical areas in chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis. Endocr Pathol.
However, one of our patients whose goitre size was not reduced with drug treatment was referred to surgery because of anxiety about external appearance and histopathological evaluation was compatible with chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis. It is known that hypoactive nodules may be present on scintigraphy in Hashimoto thyroiditis (7).
(1) Hashimoto's thyroiditis also known as chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis has a prevalence rate of 1-4% and incidence of 3-6/10000 population per year.
Chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis, eponymically referred to as Hashimoto thyroiditis (named after Hakarum Hashimoto, who first described the disease in 1912), is an autoimmune thyroiditis that results from autoantibodies to thyroid-specific antigens.
Autoimmune thyroid disease includes conditions such as Hashimoto thyroiditis, chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis, Graves' disease, and silent/painless/postpartum thyroiditis, and nonautoimmune thyroid disease includes conditions such as acute thyroiditis, subacute thyroiditis, and diffuse hyperplasia [1-3].

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