Nevertheless, although the extant findings provide insight into the degree to which Chrysanthemum indicum has anti-inflammatory properties, information regarding its precise mechanisms in vivo model system is scant.
Aldose reductase inhibitors and three new eudesmane-type sesquiterpenes, kikkanols A, B, and C, from the flowers of Chrysanthemum indicum L.," Chemical and Pharmaceutical Bulletin, vol.
Effects of Dietary Chrysanthemum indicum Extract on the Process and Severity of AS.
Effect of Chrysanthemum indicum Extract on Inflammatory Cytokines.
Animals were divided into 6 groups as follows: 1) Control group; 2) Doxorubicin (0.5mg as a positive control); 3) chrysanthemum (LD, low dose, 0,5 mg); 4) chrysanthemum (HD, high dose, 5 mg); 5) DOX + low dose of Chrysanthemum indicum (0,5 mg); 6) DOX + high dose of Chrysanthemum indicum (5 mg), and treated for 45 days.
In the present study, both the micronucleus test and the comet assay were cooperatively used to study the protective effect of Chrysanthemum indicum extract against DOX-induced genotoxicity at a chromosomal level as well as a DNA level.
Lai et al., "Experimental study on anti-inflammatory activity of a TCM recipe consisting of the supercritical fluid C[O.sub.2] extract of Chrysanthemum indicum
, Patchouli Oil and Zedoary Turmeric Oil in vivo," Journal of Ethnopharmacology, vol.
Preparation and characterization of Curcuma wenyujin and Chrysanthemum indicum
[Beneficial effect of total flavonoids of Chrysanthemum indicum
on adjuvant arthritis by induction of apoptosis of synovial fibroblasts].
Contents (%) CF CB CC12 mixture Chlorogenic acid 1.46 0.55 3,4-Dicaffeoylquinic acid 0.46 0.16 Coumarin 4.24 3.70 Cinnamaldehyde 15.13 11.84 trans-Cinnamic acid 0.38 0.33 o-Methoxycinnamaldehyde 1.1 1.55 CF, Chrysanthemum indicum
flower ethanol extract; CB, Cinnamomum cassia bark ethanol extract; CC, mixture of CF and CB.
, an herbaceous plant belonging to the family Compositae, is widely grown in China and Korea (Matsuda et al.
Preparation of the Crude Extracts of Chrysanthemum indicum
. 2.5 kg dried Chrysanthemum indicum
flowers were extracted with 25 L 75% ethanol-aqueous solution at 100[degrees]C for 1.0 h in a traditional Chinese medicine extracting machine (YF-40, Beijing Donghuayuan Medical instrument Co., Ltd.), repeated three times.