chrysolite


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Related to chrysolite: chrysotile, moonstone

chrysolite:

see olivineolivine
, an iron-magnesium silicate mineral, (Mg,Fe)2SiO4, crystallizing in the orthorhombic system. It is a common constituent of magnesium-rich, silica-poor igneous rocks; metamorphism of some high magnesium sediments also can form olivine.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Chrysolite

 

a mineral; a transparent gem-quality green variety of olivine (seeOLIVINE), with a characteristic golden tint. Chrysolite contains at least 8–15 percent FeO, which is responsible for the mineral’s color. It occurs in the form of short-columnar or prismatic crystals. It is brittle, readily soluble in acid, and takes a good polish. A rare mineral, chrysolite is found primarily in kimberlites, alkaline olivine basalts, serpentinized peridotites, and ultrabasic alkali rocks; it is also found in alluvial deposits. Large crystals are primarily found on the island of Zeberged (St. John’s Island) in the Red Sea (Egypt). Chrysolite is also found in Burma, the United States (Arizona), the Republic of South Africa, and Tanzania. In the USSR it occurs in Yakutia and Krasnoiarsk Krai.

The term “chrysolite” was also formerly used in jewelry-making for other green precious stones, such as demantoid (a variety of garnet), greenish gold topaz, chrysoberyl, and vesuvianite.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

chrysolite

[′kris·ə‚līt]
(mineralogy)
A gem characterized by light-yellowish-green hues, especially the gem varieties of olivine, but also including beryl, topaz, and spinel.
A variety of olivine having a magnesium to magnesium-iron ratio of 0.90-0.70.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Ross, "World and Chrysolite in Othello," Modern Language Notes 76, no.
Minerals like "steatite" and "chrysolite" are not just Gautierian obscurities; they are pedantic and encyclopaedic.
Consider, for example, the phrase from Othello which Hazlitt quotes in "The Letter-Bell" and I repeat in my epigraph: "one entire and perfect chrysolite," already broken into a fragment and yet carrying with it a host of reverberating meanings.
A hadith mentioned by Abi al-Dunya in his Makarim al-Akhlaq, Abu al-Shaykh in his Kitab al-'Azama, and al-Bayhaqi in his Kitab Shu'ab al-Iman tell us on the authority of Anas that "the Messenger of Allah said: "Allah has a Tablet made of a green chrysolite under His Throne.
Chrysolite Clipper's first mate Jan Ridd Picture: SNAPPER NAME' The Liverpool Clipper starting the race back in September' Smiling despite his seasickness in the first couple of days, Graham Davies takes his turn in the galley and at the helm of the Chrysolite Clipper' Miss England Hammasa Kohistani was present at the launch
Olivine phenocrysts of the basaltoid rocks studied are represented mainly by Mg-rich (core [Fo.sub.83-79], rim [Fo.sub.77-71]) chrysolite. These phenocrysts are commonly altered to a variable degree.
And some will be clothed in white linen and ride white horses and rule with King Jesus in Jerusalem shining with jasper and chrysolite. (Light Shining 194-95) The military and political necessity for the Parliamentarian army to recruit the poor in large numbers engenders a Christian liberationist language that appeals to justice and freedom, constructing the poor as Christ's Saints.
White asbestos, or Chrysolite, is the less dangerous form which can be spun or woven into tape.
Both can be used to replace white chrysolite asbestos cloth, which under current regulations is due to be phased out by the end of the year.
The first Catholic arrivals in the district had made the voyage out on three ships, the Clontarf, the William Miles and the Chrysolite, and most had strong associations with Nenagh, County Tipperary.
chrysolite" and even, perhaps to Christ, the "pearl"
Since asbestos is injurious to health, that is why only specific kind of chrysolite asbestos would be allowed to be imported which is necessary for industrial use and is less harmful to health.