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Angling chiefly US and Canadian chopped fish, meal, etc., used as groundbait


a Pacific salmon, Oncorhynchus keta
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the Russian name of a portable dwelling used by the Nentsi of the European part of the USSR and by the peoples of Siberia, including the Ket, Northern Yakuts, Oroki, Evenki, Nganasani, and Tuvinians-Todzhintsy.

The chum, built of 30 to 50 poles, was conical, with a round or slightly oval base and a floor diameter of 3 to 8 m. In the winter it was covered with sewn hides of reindeer, Manchurian deer, or elk, and in the summer, with boiled birch bark or, sometimes, canvas or burlap. The entrance was covered with hides in the winter and coarse fabric in the summer. In the center of the chum was a hearth. On both sides of the entrance were the sleeping areas; birch bark, willow mats, and dry grass were spread on the floor and reindeer hides were placed on top. With the transition of the nomadic peoples to a settled way of life, the chumy gradually fell into disuse and were replaced in some places by tents.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
scope for argument about what you might regard as the chumminess of the
Indeed, a good-natured chumminess pervades monster trucking, from the fans to the drivers and their crews.
Slurring his words, Ian said: "Well Shirley, whatever happens, you've made some wonderful films!" But Ian said the group didn't take kindly to such chumminess. All the faces fell and they drifted off, leaving him on his own.
Perhaps because one of the other things the Iraq inquiry has revealed is the chumminess of the British establishment.
The Fed can say what it likes about how damaging it would have been to divulge the names of these counterparties, but what's really enraging is the gut feeling that these institutions that were made whole got that treatment because of the coziness and the chumminess that existed (and still does) between banking regulators and the banks they supposedly regulate.
A cross-strait ECFA would come as a watershed in bilateral ties, already shifting from the mostly chilly, sometimes hostile, state under Ma's predecessors to an era of chumminess.
Hill's secret to Fox's Sunday morning dominance can be summed up in one word: chumminess.
When men are calling each other "brother," it means they see one another as one of their own, with respect and care, part of a club with chumminess, back-slapping and insider knowledge.
Too often, the church uses the word fellowship to describe the chumminess that we enjoy with our friends at church.
McCain's dazzling resume--war hero, campaign finance Quixote, chauffeur of the Straight Talk Express, reassuring National Uncle--tends to distract people from his philosophy of government, and his chumminess with national journalists doesn't help.
But such chumminess is short lived: on November 26, after a brief stay in a mental institution, Sexton writes Snodgrass: "Went to Lowell's class yesterday.
Hakim's attempts to support David during the trial and to provide him with some advice are derided by David as mere "male chumminess" (p.