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Angling chiefly US and Canadian chopped fish, meal, etc., used as groundbait


a Pacific salmon, Oncorhynchus keta
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the Russian name of a portable dwelling used by the Nentsi of the European part of the USSR and by the peoples of Siberia, including the Ket, Northern Yakuts, Oroki, Evenki, Nganasani, and Tuvinians-Todzhintsy.

The chum, built of 30 to 50 poles, was conical, with a round or slightly oval base and a floor diameter of 3 to 8 m. In the winter it was covered with sewn hides of reindeer, Manchurian deer, or elk, and in the summer, with boiled birch bark or, sometimes, canvas or burlap. The entrance was covered with hides in the winter and coarse fabric in the summer. In the center of the chum was a hearth. On both sides of the entrance were the sleeping areas; birch bark, willow mats, and dry grass were spread on the floor and reindeer hides were placed on top. With the transition of the nomadic peoples to a settled way of life, the chumy gradually fell into disuse and were replaced in some places by tents.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
"If we're fishing for three or four days, the chumming the first day adds to the next.
A spokesman said the permit was withdrawn to calm panic among the public, not because officials believed the chumming was linked to the shark attack.
He focuses his chumming efforts in shallow water, rarely deeper than 5 feet, from April through October.
The water drops and rises vertically mostly, though chumming can still produce.
I have encountered very strong spring tide current on flats edges bordering channels in Florida's Biscayne Bay and the Keys while staked and chumming with fresh shrimp or crushed crab for bonefish.
Two methods of chumming are most productive in my opinion.
Patience is a part of successful chumming. Plan to invest at least 30 minutes on any likely spot.
Live or dead chumming offshore is a concerted effort to transport baitfish to a location you think may be holding gamefish, and is one of the most consistent methods of attracting gamefish to a drifting boat in open water.
If there's no current, the chum is not going to work, no matter how good it is, so move until you find current before you start chumming."