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Angling chiefly US and Canadian chopped fish, meal, etc., used as groundbait


a Pacific salmon, Oncorhynchus keta
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the Russian name of a portable dwelling used by the Nentsi of the European part of the USSR and by the peoples of Siberia, including the Ket, Northern Yakuts, Oroki, Evenki, Nganasani, and Tuvinians-Todzhintsy.

The chum, built of 30 to 50 poles, was conical, with a round or slightly oval base and a floor diameter of 3 to 8 m. In the winter it was covered with sewn hides of reindeer, Manchurian deer, or elk, and in the summer, with boiled birch bark or, sometimes, canvas or burlap. The entrance was covered with hides in the winter and coarse fabric in the summer. In the center of the chum was a hearth. On both sides of the entrance were the sleeping areas; birch bark, willow mats, and dry grass were spread on the floor and reindeer hides were placed on top. With the transition of the nomadic peoples to a settled way of life, the chumy gradually fell into disuse and were replaced in some places by tents.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Before joining the Grimsby Chums, Pte Alcock was a member of F Company in the Royal Warwickshire Regiment, a Territorial Army unit, based in Leamington, which was mobilised on the outbreak of war in 1914.
The film was a natural progression for Enfield and chums, as they had been doing the show for 10 years, which is a long time to have to be funny.
All of which means there isn't really much the chums can do in the way of preparation before stepping on stage.
Paul Merton's Impro Chums will feature at the venue on the banks of the River Severn.
I wonder what other people think when they hear someone refer to their friends as their chums? Does it make them think they must be a bit better socially?
From the Boro, to our chums, to us, to our chums and back to us, we hand over the baton of the 'least worst team in the NE'.
LISTEN to the woman who claims she was raped by Julian Assange instead of the fugitive, his chums and three UN useful idiots.
AN EVENING WITH HARRY ENFIELD AND PAUL WHITEHOUSE BBC2, 9.00pm The comedians (below) celebrate 25 years of working together on TV, introducing their favourite sketches from programmes including Harry Enfield's Television Programme, Harry Enfield and Chums and Harry and Paul.
Baby Chums get-together A new social and support group for parents and babies has been launched in Elland.
Following an extensive tour of the UK and a season in London's West End in Out Of My Head - his first stand up show for over 12 years - Paul Merton is setting out on a new tour, visiting Aberystwyth, this autumn with Impro Chums and some special guests.
The risk of feeding catfish too much is why renowned catfish angler Dave Schmidtlein of Topeka, Kansas, chums only on occasion and then sparingly, to put an average of 70 to 100 channel cats in his boat in a morning's fishing.