chylomicron


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Related to chylomicron: Chylomicron Retention Disease

chylomicron

[‚kīl·ə′mī‚krän]
(biochemistry)
One of the extremely small lipid droplets, consisting chiefly of triglycerides, found in blood after ingestion of fat.
References in periodicals archive ?
In-vivo gene delivery to the liver using reconstituted chylomicron remnants as a novel nonviral vector.
The role of apo E as a ligand for receptor mediated clearance of chylomicron and VLDL remnants is of vital significance; Apo E participates in the hepatic clearance of chylomicron remnants and other apo E containing lipoproteins (7).
beta-lipoproteins, a collective group of chylomicrons, very-low-density lipoproteins (VLDL), intermediate-density lipoproteins (IDL), and LDL, each containing a single molecule of apolipoprotein B (apoB).
This means that the same fatty acids in the feed fat are present in the micelles in the small intestine, the chylomicrons in the blood, and in the reformed triacylglycerols in fat depots.
HDL and the chylomicron exchange triglyceride (to HDL) and cholesterol-ester (to chylomicron), causing the chylomicron to shrink and the HDL to increase in mass.
13) In order to classify a cyst as a chyloma, the fluid analysis should identify an elevated triglyceride level (>100 mg/dl) or an elevated chylomicron level (>4%).
Similarly, chylomicron retention disease resembles ABL with respect to the malabsorption of dietary fat and its consequences, although the precise nature of the molecular disorder is unknown.
Individual triglyceride-rich lipoproteins, chylomicron remnants, intermediate density lipoproteins (IDL), very low density lipoproteins (VLDL), or particles of differing size and composition may be more closely related to CHD.
Lipoprotein lipase (LPL) is a central enzyme responsible for the hydrolysis of triglycerides in very low-density lipoproteins (VLDLs) and chylomicrons producing intermediate-density lipoproteins (IDLs) and chylomicron remnants, respectively (Li et al.