chylomicron

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chylomicron

[‚kīl·ə′mī‚krän]
(biochemistry)
One of the extremely small lipid droplets, consisting chiefly of triglycerides, found in blood after ingestion of fat.
References in periodicals archive ?
However, several findings led the laboratory to report that the sample did not contain significant accumulation of chylomicrons and therefore, the fluid was not consistent with a chylous effusion.
These findings raised the possibility that insulin may also stimulate LRP1-specific uptake of chylomicron remnants in the liver.
Along with increased free fatty acid loading, increases in intestinal de novo lipogenesis increase the secretion of apolipoprotein B48 from enterocytes which increases the absorption and circulating concentrations of chylomicrons [28].
The effect of dietary fat load on the size and composition of chylomicrons in thoracic duct lymph.
Inappropriate attention was given to the hypercholesterolaemia, and the disproportionate rise in triglyceride concentration was not recognised as the clue to elevated chylomicron concentration.
We found no effect of chronic black tea ingestion on the plasma concentrations of chylomicrons and chylomicron remnants as indicated by apoB-48 levels in healthy human subjects.
Alternatively, the surface area of lipids, chylomicrons, and VLDL change over time postprandially after ingesting a large amount of fat (26) and thereby could affect the blood/air partition coefficient of BD.
The authors are to be commended on their comprehensive approach to identifying chylomicrons in body fluids.
HDL is the smallest and most dense lipoprotein, whereas chylomicrons and VLDLs are the largest and least dense lipoprotein particles.
VLDL particles vary in size, from 27 nm to 200 nm, and chylomicrons vary from 70 to 1,000 nm.
Randomized controlled trial of the effect of n-3 fatty acid supplementation on the metabolism of apolipoprotein B-100 and chylomicron remnants in men with visceral obesity.
Once inside the intestinal cells, they are incorporated into chylomicrons, which enter the lymphatic circulation and blood stream and finally deliver the fat-soluble vitamins to the liver.