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in Europe, fermented juice of apples; in the United States, unfermented apple juice, unless allowed to ferment, in which case it is typically known as hard cider. Selected apples are grated in a mill, and the juice is expressed and, for hard cider, fermented and filtered. The commercial product is usually pasteurized or treated with preservatives and is frequently blended to balance the chief constituents, sugar, malic acid, and tannin. In France cider is made principally in Normandy and Brittany. It is at its best after a year or two in cask. English cider from the southern and western counties is noted and rivals beer as a popular alcoholic beverage. Cider is popular also in Germany, Spain, and Switzerland. Perry is a similar beverage made from pears.



a low-alcohol (5–7 percent by volume) fruit wine obtained by the fermentation of apple juice. The characteristic qualities of cider are attributable to the taste and aroma of apples and to the saturation of the fermented beverage with carbon dioxide. Cider is generally made from late-season apples and may be sweet (sugar content, 10 g/l), semisweet (5 g/l), and dry (sugarless).

Cider originated in northern France, where it is the name given to any alcoholic beverage made from apples. It is consumed widely in Austria, Switzerland, Great Britain, and other countries. In the USSR, cider is produced in the RSFSR, Byelorussia, Ukraine, and Kazakhstan.


(food engineering)
Juice extracted from apples or similar fruits that has not been subjected to processing.


, cyder
1. an alcoholic drink made from the fermented juice of apples
2. US and Canadian an unfermented drink made from apple juice
References in periodicals archive ?
So the Fredericks started to make their own recipe for the hard ciders with the heirloom "apples.
Maybe a bit too dry for some people but other sweeter ciders are available on the cider bar at the Festival.
We also do spiced and ginger ciders, both of which are great chilled with Indian and Indonesian food, and our sweet cider is perfect with roast pork.
We have tremendous support among our local consumer audiences, so by bringing together our collective ideas and talents, we will be able to continue to build interest, momentum, and consumption of our local ciders.
crafted strawberry basil, lavender rosemary, cherry, lemon zest and other floral and fruity ciders.
The White Horse will offer a wide and diverse range of ciders with a rotating programme of guest drafts including two exclusive newbies courtesy of Americanbased brewers Docs.
USPRwire, Tue Nov 24 2015] The cider market in Belgium grew on account of new hip and trendy ciders entering the market.
Also we saw a gap in the market with many great cask ale bars available in Birmingham but few selling more than a couple of ciders.
That's why you'll see premium ciders featured prominently at bars and restaurants, paired appropriately with food dishes.
The competition featured ciders and perries from across the UK.
I think our ciders are quite different than the types currently available in America.
The firm, which also produces a range of own-brand ciders for many large supermarket chains, aims to produce two new products a month.