cinnabar


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
Related to cinnabar: cinnabar moth

cinnabar

(sĭn`əbär), mineral, the sulfide of mercury, HgS. Deep red in color, it is used as a pigment (see vermilionvermilion,
vivid red pigment of durable quality. It is a chemical compound of mercury and sulfur and is known as red sulfide of mercury; it was formerly obtained by grinding pure cinnabar but is now commonly prepared synthetically.
..... Click the link for more information.
), but principally it is a source of the metal mercury. It is mined in Spain, Italy, and in the United States in California. The mercury is obtained from it by roasting, the sulfur combining with oxygen and passing off as sulfur dioxide.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Cinnabar

 

a mineral of the sulfide group. Chemical composition, HgS; contains 86.2 percent Hg. Cinnabar crystallizes in the trigonal system, forming rhombohedral crystals and fine granular or powdery masses. Red in color, it sometimes exhibits bluish-gray iridescence. Cinnabar is transparent in thin pieces and has a bright adamantine luster. It has a hardness of 2–2.5 on the mineralogical scale and a density of 8,090–8,200 kg/m3. Cinnabar is the most abundant mineral of mercury and is formed in hydrothermal deposits near the surface together with quartz, calcite, barite, antimonite, pyrite, and marcasite, less often with realgar and native gold.

Cinnabar deposits in the USSR are located in the Ukraine (Nikitovka), in Kirghizia (Khaidarken, Chauvai), in the Altai Mountains (Aktash, Chagan-Uzun), and elsewhere. Abroad it is found in Spain (Almadén), Yugoslavia (Alvala), Italy (Idria), and the USA (New Almaden, Calif.). Natural cinnabar serves as a primary raw material in the production of mercury; it is also used in the manufacture of paints, chiefly pigments (watercolors and oils). The ancient Egyptians were the first to use cinnabar in artwork.

G. P. BARSANOV

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

cinnabar

[′sin·ə‚bär]
(mineralogy)
HgS A vermilion-red mineral that crystallizes in the hexagonal system, although crystals are rare, and commonly occurs in fine, granular, massive form; the only important ore of mercury. Also known as cinnabarite; vermilion.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

cinnabar

1. a bright red or brownish-red mineral form of mercuric sulphide (mercury(II) sulphide), found close to areas of volcanic activity and hot springs. It is the main commercial source of mercury. Formula: HgS. Crystal structure: hexagonal
2. the red form of mercuric sulphide (mercury(II) sulphide), esp when used as a pigment
3. a bright red to reddish-orange; vermilion
4. a large red-and-black European moth, Callimorpha jacobaeae: family Arctiidae (tiger moths, etc.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Besides the biological answers that officials on Cinnabar expect the Far Traveller to find, the ship's Director of Science, Doctor Veil, has her own agenda: to learn more about the Archaic Spacefarers who roamed the universe tens of thousands of years before humans reached the stars.
The bright colours are a warning to predators that cinnabars don't taste nice after ingesting poisonous ragwort plants.
Naturally enough, carbon produces black lacquer; arsenic sulphide, known as orpiment, which is found in volcanic hot springs, produces yellow and mercury sulphide, the distinctive deep coral red of cinnabar.
This new Cinnabar Red colour variant might also be a limited edition model of some kind that might be made available only in specific regions.
In addition, the book reveals Vakhtang's knowledge about cinnabar. Experiment #42 was called- "Making the Cinnabar".
For the silver containing mixture cinnabar completely inhibited the formation of silver metal.
The Mount Eden business plan with respect to the acquisition of the Cinnabar property highly resonated with SVB.
The major breakthrough in the game came on Bloody Sunday, when 12 Pokemon were released and now the major goal is to surf to Cinnabar Island.
The second section deals with crafting traditional art materials: making wasli paper and tying brushes from squirrel hair for miniature painting; grinding pigments from such materials as lapis lazuli, cochineal, madder, malachite, and cinnabar; making oil and egg tempera paints; making and using gesso and bole; fine gilding.
(iii) 2 g pigment (red-ochre: Zecchi Florence, cinnabar: Kremer pigment).
Which metallic element is obtained from the ore cinnabar? 6.
Perhaps the birds are sub-letting!" THIS picture of a cinnabar moth was taken by Julie Harris while gardening at her home in Upper Stoke.