It could be found that the

circular cylinder experienced a quasiperiodic oscillation in the upper branch ([U.sub.r] = 5.03), which means each amplitude in this branch approximately maintains a constant.

Now, inside that space frame is a

circular cylinder, also made of shafts containing neodymium magnets arranged in a similar fashion.

Flow and heat transfer across a

circular cylinder with uniform volumetric energy dissipation under unconfined condition was numerically investigated using Ansys Fluent 12.0.

Valipour and Zare Ghadi [12] performed numerical study on fluid flow and heat transfer in nanofluid around a

circular cylinder. Their results showed that as the solid volume fraction increases, the magnitude of minimum velocity in the wake region and recirculation length increases but separation angle decreases.

Specifically, the patent describes an acoustic transducer with a rectangular cross-section or

circular cylinder housing.

The test problems in Table 1 include (1) a bend flow in a curved channel, (2) a discontinuity propagation evolved by the breaking of a

circular cylinder, (3) an intercirculating flow formed in a side cavity, (4) a supercritical flow in a channel with a deflected wall or converging sides, (5) a combining flow in an open-channel junction, (6) an unsteady fluid motion past a bluff body in an oscillating fashion, (7) a flow over uneven bottom or flow passing through a nonprismatic channel, (8) a dam-break type flow with discontinuous initial condition, and (9) an implementation of a moving boundary scheme to capture the transition of wet and dry elements.

Takahashi, "Steady streaming around a rotary oscillating

circular cylinder in a uniform flow," Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, vol.

Lamballais, "A reference solution of the flow over a

circular cylinder at Re = 40," Computers & Fluids, vol.

[19] considered the scattering from periodic

circular cylinder array in which some cylinders are removed, and proposed a formulation based on the RTMA with the lattice sums technique and the PPFT.

Exact solutions for the rotational flow of generalized Maxwell fluids in a

circular cylinder, Math.

Also, the dielectric coated conducting slotted

circular cylinder has been examined [4,5].