o psalterium, o cithara
, facta est et creata ut psallas deo: exurge et psalle, quare iaces?
Para se ter uma percepcao da grande variedade vocabular, vejamos algumas designacoes: alaude, barbitus, cedra, citara, chelys, chitara, cithara
, citola, descante, fides, fidicula, guararapeuva, guitarra, guitarra mourisca, guitarra latina, lira, lyra, sestro, testudo, vihuela, vihuela de penola.
Though the unwieldy thing he's shouldering no doubt is meant to depict a cithara
, to the 21st-century eye it could also pass for the door of a sub-compact automobile.
He initially pursued his studies in Tours, where he played the cithara
in Bertrada's presence (perhaps in 1108), before deciding to go to Salerno and then Sicily, following in the footsteps of his mentor, the physician and bishop, John of Tours.
Chris Hassel, Jr., "Frustrated Communion in The Merchant of Venice" Cithara
: Essays in the Judeao-Christian Tradition 13.2 (1974): 18-33, 23.
One example, "concord," or unity in both singing chant and conforming behavior among friars, is an important component in his conceptions of music and instruments (e.g., symphonia and cithara
38:1 (November 1998): 65-66; Personalia: 72.
If he requested contentment, a sound mind, a sound body and continued mastery over his lyre (nec cithara
carentem, Odes 1.31.20), he now acknowledges the quid pro quo caused by his request and the poet asks his lyre for help (salve / rite vocanti, duly be auspicious to him who calls on you, 1.32.15-16) so that he too may fulfil his obligations and produce a poem.
Inde splendidae mensae et cibis, et scyphis; inde commessationes et ebrietates; inde cithara
, et lyra, et tibia; inde redundantia torcularia, et promptuaria plena, eructantia ex hoc in illud, Inde dolia pigmentaria, inde referta marsupia.
Rudat, "Chaucer's Merchant and His Shrewish Wife: The Justinus Crux and Augustinian Theology," Cithara
35 (1995), 25.
The original was even more grandly titled The Crowning of a Citharist (that's a player of a Greek lyre called a cithara