Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Acronyms, Wikipedia.
Related to citizenship: Dual citizenship





a person’s affiliation with a given state, as a result of which he is covered by the rights and duties established by the legislation of the state with the assurance of state protection for his rights. In states with a monarchical form of government the term “subject” is used.

The procedure for acquiring or losing citizenship is regulated by the legislation of each state. As a rule, the legislation of all states distinguishes between the acquisition of citizenship by birth (filiation) and by naturalization. In deciding the question of the acquisition of citizenship by birth, two principles are used. The first is the national principle—the so-called blood right (jus sanguinis), according to which a child’s citizenship depends on the parents’ citizenship, regardless of the place of birth. Under the territorial principle—the so-called right of the soil (jus soli), citizenship is based on the place of birth and is not connected to the parents’ citizenship. The legislation of most bourgeois states combines these two principles with the observance of certain mandatory conditions.

In the socialist countries existing laws on citizenship provide for full equality of citizens, regardless of race or nationality, and equal rights for men and women. When citizenship is given by birth, the principle of blood right is applied. If one of the child’s parents is a foreigner, citizenship is usually determined by agreement between the parents.

In the USSR a single union citizenship has been established: every citizen of a union republic is a citizen of the USSR, and citizens of one union republic enjoy equal rights with the citizens of another union republic when they are on its territory. Soviet citizenship is granted to foreigners who petition for it by the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR or by the presidium of the supreme soviet of the union republic in which they reside. Renunciation of Soviet citizenship can be authorized only by the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR. When parents change their citizenship, either becoming Soviet citizens or renouncing their Soviet citizenship, the citizenship of their children who have not reached 14 years of age is changed accordingly. The citizenship of children 14 to 18 years old cannot be changed without their consent.

The marriage of a male or female citizen of the USSR to a person who is not a Soviet citizen does not entail a change of citizenship. Deprivation of Soviet citizenship can occur only by the issuing in each case of a special decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR or by sentence of a court in instances provided for under the law.

Persons who are residing in the USSR but who are not citizens of the USSR and do not have corroboration of their citizenship in another state are considered persons without citizenship. They have the same rights and duties as citizens of the USSR, except the right to vote, the right to be elected, and the military obligation.

Questions of changing citizenship in other socialist countries are regulated according to similar principles.


Shevtsov, V. S. Sovetskoe grazhdanstvo. Moscow, 1965.
Chernichenko, S. V. Mezhdunarodno-pravovye voprosy grazhdanstva. Moscow, 1968.


References in periodicals archive ?
Thus, in addition to the other unsavory side effects noted above-an increase in the population of undocumented immigrants, a large decrease in young citizens, the loss of a substantial chunk of the tax base--changing the birthright citizenship rule will increase the cost of getting a U.
Yale law professor Peter Schuck has observed that as citizenship has become harder to lose, it has become easier to gain, and the differential between citizens and lawful aliens has decreased.
EoACAybut the defence targetted only the interior Minister's decision which was taken in implementation of the Presidential Decree revoking the citizenship.
Additionally, Latvian citizenship will be granted to babies, regardless of where they are born, if one of their parents is a citizen of Latvia.
The statement quoted External Affairs Ministry Secretary Karunatilaka Amunugama as saying that the interview panel will look into the applicant's professional qualifications, investment capability and the need to acquire dual citizenship.
Arton says the latest report from Wealth-X, the intelligence provider on ultra-high-net-worth individuals, says the world's 200,000 ultra-high-net-worth individuals -- defined as those who have more than $30 million -- have an average net worth of $205 million; an investment of $1 million for a second residence or citizenship represents a very small portion of their wealth.
Kang highlights "Asian American women" as objects of study that are not already formed entities; they are "situationally congealed" through complicated webs of representations, regulations, and enforcements that include processes of citizenship.
Struggles for Citizenship in Africa is impressive in its scope and lives off its astoundingly rich empirical data.
Yet if one examines the experiences of gendered migratory and diasporic subjects, one can witness the performance of cultural citizenship by these individuals to claim multiple modes of belonging and hence multiple locations of home and affiliations.
Howard's approach treats citizenship as a '"legal category", focusing on the formal requirements for having access to citizenship, rather than on the rights, obligations, beliefs or practices of citizenship' (p.
Under the changes to the Law on Citizenship, Macedonia will have a more flexible legislature from other countries in the region," Bajrami said.
Lord Hastings said: "A deeper understanding of citizenship must be created amongst the general public in Qatar to differentiate it from charity -- which is what it is often

Full browser ?