A 'consort', in Elizabethan terms, consisted of members of the same family of instruments, but both Thomas Morley's First Booke of Consort Lessons (1599) and Philip Rosseter's Lessons for Consort (1609) are scored for a 'broken' or 'mixed' consort; that is, transverse flute or recorder, treble viol, bass viol, cittern
, and bandore, with the addition of a treble lute.
His stock of instrumental music would have included keyboard works (overtures, sonatas, exercises, song medleys, dances) and repertoire for flute, violin, guittar (a cittern
, or modest fretted instrument like a mandolin), fife, or other popular melodic instruments.
The concert will end with Heila's "Cittern
Suite," a cycle of fiddle-inspired songs for cittern
, a member of the mandolin family, performed by Heila.
The big band steamed through infectious hits such as El Agua De La Vida and Correla, with a three-piece horns section, cittern
and banjo complementing one another seamlessly.
The fiddle is the core instrument featured, but Economy class draws upon a wide variety of acoustic instruments from the mandolin and cittern
to a Finnish bagpipe, a jaw harp, and even a dobro.
17 In Renaissance times, what would you have done with a cittern
(15) In Vermeer's The Procuress, a man on the left makes the same obscene gesture as Velazquez's boy musician, again grinning salaciously out at the viewer while holding his cittern
(a type of lute) by a phallic fingerboard.
Her sixth solo studio outing, it's a pleasure from the first cittern
sounds of Awkward Annie to the dying notes of bonus track, The Village Green Preservation Society, penned by Ray Davies and recorded for BBCTV's Jam and Jerusalem.
Executed in the second half of the sixteenth century, the doll possesses an internal mechanism that enables it to play a tiny cittern
and to move in time with the music.
The "green-men, and glee-maidens" sing, accompanied by "a prelude of pipe, cittern
, and viol, touched with practised minstrelsy" (9:57-58), and "minstrels" and "wandering players, whose theatres had been the halls of noblemen" (9:59) are included among his Merry Mount refugees, "who sang ballads and told tales" (9:61).
"Immediately a prelude of pipe, cittern
, and viol, touched with practised minstrelsy, began to play" in "such a mirthful cadence, that the boughs of the May-Pole quivered to the sound." At precisely this moment, Edgar and Edith glance at each other.
The number of instruments recorded afterward in her collection in Portugal bears witness to her predilection for music: organs, harpsichords and clavichords.34 Professional and amateur musicians of all levels and artistic proficiency were employed in great numbers at the Lisbon court--for instance Rodrigo the German and Diogo de Madrid--and were responsible for playing the lute, cittern
, tambourine, harp, Indian trumpets and charamelas.